Lixiviación de concentrados de cobre utilizando NaCI y el cobre soluble aportado por el propio concentrado

ArticleinRevista de Metalurgia 41(5) · October 2005with47 Reads
DOI: 10.3989/revmetalm.2005.v41.i5.228 · Source: DOAJ
Leaching of copper concentrates using cupric chlorocomplexes, generated "in situ" by the reaction between Cu(II), aported by the soluble copper content of the concentrate, and sodium chloride in acid media was studied. The concentrate samples were obtained from mineral processing plants from Antofagasta, Chile. Chemical and mineralogical characterization from original concentrates was made. Typical variables such as chloride concentration, soluble copper concentration, leaching time, solid percentage and temperature were studied. DRX and EDS analyzed some of the residues. The experimental results indicated that it is possible to obtain solutions having high copper content ( 15 to 35 g/l) and 2 to 5 g/l free acid in order to submit this solution directly to a solvent extraction stage. The leaching tests use common reactive and low cost such as sodium chloride and sulfuric acid Se ha estudiado la lixiviación de concentrados de cobre mediante cloro-complejos cúpricos, generados in situ por la reacción entre el Cu(II) procedente del cobre soluble del concentrado y cloruro de sodio en medio ácido. Se utilizaron concentrados de cobre provenientes de faenas mineras de Antofagasta, Chile. Se ha efectuado una caracterización química y mineralógica de los concentrados originales. Se ha estudiado el efecto de las siguientes variables, durante la lixiviación: concentración de cloruro, concentración de cobre soluble, tiempo de lixiviación, porcentaje de sólidos y temperatura. Se han caracterizado los residuos sólidos por DRX y microscopia electrónica. Los resultados experimentales indican que es posible obtener disoluciones con contenidos de cobre entre 15 y 35 g/l y de 2 a 5 g/l de acidez libre, con características adecuadas para entrar a la etapa de extracción por solventes. El procedimiento utiliza, solo, reactivos comunes y de muy bajo costo, como NaCl y ácido sulfúrico diluido. La ventaja de este procedimiento consiste en recuperar, a muy bajo coste, la totalidad del cobre soluble y entre 10 y 15% del cobre de sulfuros. El residuo final podría pasar a la pirometalurgia convencional
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A study was made of the leaching of a sulfide copper ore in a NaCl–H2SO4–O2 media after pre-treatment by agglomeration with H2SO4(conc) and NaCl. The leaching variables evaluated included the amount of NaCl to be employed, the percentage of solids in the leaching solution, particle size of the raw mineral to be leached, and the preferable method of agitation in the leaching system. Mineralogical characterization of the material to be leached included analysis of the raw ore and of the leached ore residue using reflected-light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. The soluble species included djurleite and digenite. The most important parameters in the leaching process proved to be particle size and type of agitation. A total percentage of copper extraction of 70% was achieved using mechanical stirring, which increased to 78% when using compressed air agitation. The best extraction of the copper was achieved when leaching with 3 g/L of chloride, room temperature of 20 °C, and when all particles were
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