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„Part_b: Partizipationsprozesse in Biosphärenparks – Interventionstheorie, Strategieanalyse und Prozessethik am Beispiel vom Biosphärenpark Wienerwald, Großes Walsertal und Nationalpark Nockberge“ – Band II: Spezielle Ergebnisse und Dokumentation.. Man and Biosphere Programme (MaB)|„Part_b: Partizipationsprozesse in Biosphärenparks – Interventionstheorie, Strategieanalyse und Prozessethik am Beispiel vom Biosphärenpark Wienerwald, Großes Walsertal und Nationalpark Nockberge“ – Band I: Zentrale E

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... At the time of the nomination for the biosphere reserve, the local communities in both provinces were characterized by aging and outmigration of the young population as well as relatively high unemployment and population loss rates (Regionalverband Lungau 2011;Huber 2011;Huber et al. 2014;Nigmann et al 2016). The decline of the younger population and increase of the elderly are also evident in Fig. 1. 4,5 In both provinces, the local population was consulted regarding the potential biosphere reserve, and various media sources and events have been used to inform and involve the public (Jungmeier et al. 2009;Fanninger 2012;Huber et al. 2014;Huber and Arnberger 2016). While finally being designated as one biosphere reserve, the initial motivations and pathways towards the formal designation evolved independently and differed between the two provinces. ...
... In the case of the Carinthian Nockberge, it encompasses the territory of a former national park, which had failed to receive IUCN recognition and was redeveloped as a biosphere reserve with some consultation of the local population (Jungmeier et al. 2009 2 "Biosphärenpark" is the German expression used in Austria to avoid the negative connotation of the term reserve ("Reservat" in German). We use the English term "biosphere reserve" throughout the rest of the paper. ...
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Stakeholder participation is of high importance in UNESCO biosphere reserves as model regions for sustainable development; however, certain groups remain underrepresented. The paper proposes Intergenerational Practice (IP) as a means of involving youth and elderly women and explores its options and barriers, using the example of the Salzburger Lungau and Kärntner Nockberge Biosphere Reserve in Austria. Case study analysis is used involving mixed methods. The results reveal obstacles and motivations to participating in biosphere reserve implementation and intergenerational activities for the youth and the elderly women and imply that much potential for IP exists in the biosphere reserve region. The authors propose suitable solutions from the intergenerational field to overcome identified participation obstacles and suggest benefits of incorporating IP as a management tool into biosphere reserve activities. Suggestions for future research include evaluating applications of IP in the context of protected areas, testing of methods used in other contexts, and contribution to theory development.
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