La institución matrimonial después del matrimonio homosexual

Iconos : Revista de Ciencias Sociales 01/2009; DOI: 10.17141/iconos.35.2009.379
Source: DOAJ


Este artículo sostiene la idea de que el reconocimiento del matrimonio homosexual –frente a otro tipo de iniciativas–, conseguido por el movimiento LGTB español en ese país, constituye una reforma no reformista. Es decir, antes que una reivindicación conservadora, que actualiza los sentidos naturalizados en el matrimonio al imponerlos a nuevos sujetos (homosexuales), constituye un mecanismo hacia su des-institucionalización. Se trataría de una reivindicación que al tiempo que afirma la plena ciudadanía de los grupos GLTB, es decir, su reconocimiento social, deconstruye el matrimonio a través de un doble movimiento. Primero, la comprensión de esta institución como cultural y socialmente construida y por tanto, sujeta a sucesivas modificaciones a lo largo de su historia. Dos, siendo el matrimonio homosexual una contradicción en sí mismo; esto es, desde la red de sentidos y prácticas que integra, este reconocimiento conlleva el desbordamiento mismo de dicha institución.This article posits the idea that the recognition of homosexual marriage (compared to other types of initiatives which have been achieved by the Spanish LGTB movement) is a non-reformist reform. That is to say rather than a conservative assertion, which modifies the naturalized character of marriage by imposing it on new subjects (homosexuals), it is a deinstitutionalization mechanism. This means that while affirming the full citizenship of the GLTB groups, in other words their social recognition, it also deconstructs marriage in two ways. Firstly, through the understanding of this institution as culturally and socially constructed and therefore subject to subsequent modifications throughout its history. Secondly, homosexual marriage being a contradiction in itself (from the point of view of an integrated network of meanings and practices) reveals the ‘overflow’ of that same institution.

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    ABSTRACT: This paper examines legislative variations in LGBT identities, addressing the question: why and how do two largely Catholic states—Italy and Spain—endow different legal treatment to LGBT identities? Italy and Spain present important similarities in their legal, social and historical backgrounds. The legal cultures of both of these states have legal frameworks decriminalizing homosexuality. Nevertheless, they have approached same-sex unions in quite different ways. Spain has introduced same-sex marriage. Italy has hindered, consequently legal recognition remains fiercely contested and unrealized. Overall, it is argued that it is in the area of same-sex unions that some of the most significant changes have taken place in family law over the past decade in a number of jurisdictions. The paper argues that legal reforms in family law must be understood in terms of relation between society and law and must draw upon the concept of “culture”. The two jurisdictions appear to support the theoretical perspective that reforms and lack of reforms in family law are inspired by a number of contexts such as religious values, ideas of political morality and State interests. KeywordsLGBT-Same-sex unions-Law in context-Italy-Spain
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