Article

Adaptación española del Ahtlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) para la medida del burnout en futbolistas [Spanish version of Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) for the measurement of burnout in soccer players].

Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
Psicothema (Impact Factor: 0.96). 05/2010; 22(2):250-5.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

El Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) es un cuestionario de 15 ítems que mide tres componentes
del burnout en deportistas: agotamiento físico/emocional, reducida sensación de logro y devaluación
de la práctica deportiva. En una investigación preliminar, el ABQ fue traducido al castellano y aplicado
a una muestra de 140 jóvenes futbolistas varones. Basándonos en las conclusiones obtenidas en dicho
trabajo, en el presente estudio se incluyeron enunciados alternativos para aquellos ítems cuyo
funcionamiento no fue satisfactorio. Se aplicó una versión de 21 ítems a 326 futbolistas de ambos
sexos con edades comprendidas entre los 14 y 23 años. Mediante análisis de ítems y análisis factorial,
el cuestionario fue reducido a 15 ítems. El ajuste de la estructura tridimensional hipotetizada se
comprobó mediante un análisis factorial confirmatorio, obteniéndose índices de ajuste aceptables con
valores de ,97 para CFI; ,96 para NNFI; ,93 para GFI; ,059 para RMSEA y ,061 para RMR.

The Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) is a 15-item questionnaire that comprises three subscales: emotional/physical exhaustion, reduced sense of accomplishment, and sport devaluation. In a preliminary work, the ABQ was translated into Spanish and administered to 140 male soccer players. In the present study, we include alternative statements for weaker items. A 21-item version was administered to a sample of 326 soccer players of both sexes aged 14-23 years old. Using item and factor analyses, the questionnaire was shortened to 15 items. Then, the data was submitted to confirmatory factor analysis to corroborate the usual three-factor structure. Overall fit of the model was acceptable with a value of .97 for CFI, .96 for NNFI, .93 for GFI, .059 RMSEA, and .061 for RMR.

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    • "The questionnaire used was a Spanish version of the ABQ with 18 items. The 15-item questionnaire resulting from the study by Arce et al. (2010) was taken as a basis: this had a test-retest reliability in its sub-scales of between .86 and .92 and an internal consistency, measured by Cronbach's Alpha coefficient, between .84 and .90. "
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we offer a general version of the Spanish adaptation of Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) designed to measure the syndrome of burnout in athletes of different sports. In previous works, the Spanish version of ABQ was administered to different samples of soccer players. Its psychometric properties were appropriate and similar to the findings in original ABQ. The purpose of this study was to examine the generalization to others sports of the Spanish adaptation. We started from this adaptation, but we included three alternative statements (one for each dimension of the questionnaire), and we replaced the word "soccer" with the word "sport". An 18-item version was administered to a sample of 487 athletes aged 13 and 29 years old. Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the factor structure, but two items modification were necessary in order to obtain a good overall fit of the model. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the questionnaire were satisfactory.
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    ABSTRACT: The Athlete Burnout Questionnaire is the instrument more widely used for the measurement of burnout in athletes. It was developed by Raedeke and Smith (2001, 2009) for the evaluation of the three subscales that compose the syndrome: emotional/ physical exhaustion, reduced sense of accomplishment and devaluation of the sport practice. The purpose of this study was to validate the Spanish version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) in sports Colombian context. This version was showed good psychometric properties in preview study (Arce, De Francisco, Andrade, Arce and Raedeke, 2010). So, it was considered appropriate for this present work. The instrument was applied to a sample of 493 Colombian athletes of both sexes aged 13-29 years old. Successive confirmatory factory analysis successfully replicated the Spanish version of the ABQ. The model's global fit indices were good: the value of the quotient between the statistical chisquare (176.46) and its degrees of freedom (85) was of 2.07, GFI and CFI reached a value of.95 and NNFI showed a value of.94. The values of RMSEA and SRMR were of.05. All factorial loads were significant. The reliability of the questionnaire measured with Alpha of Cronbach, showed values between.55 and.75. With regard to future studies, it would be interesting a comparative study between the psychometric characteristics of the data collected in a Colombian sample and a Spanish sample.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Revista Iberoamericana de Psicologia del Ejercicio y el Deporte
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    ABSTRACT: The Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) is an instrument comprised of fifteen items used to assess the three burnout dimensions in the sport context. Based on a preliminary version using a sample of football players, the current paper is the final adaptation of the questionnaire to a Spanish sample of 397 athletes (59.8% male) between 13 and 64 years. The Confirmatory Factorial Analysis showed good fit indexes and supported the threedimensional structure (Χ 2/gl=2.186; CFI=.952; NFI=.917; RMSEA=.057). The reliability of the dimensions reported coefficients between. 71 and. 87. Correlations with other scales confirmed the discriminant validity of the questionnaire. Taking all of the earlier data mentioned into account, the adaptation also has a suitable cross-cultural validity. Finally, standardized test scores are presented for the Spanish population based on age and kind of sport, where adults and team members display the highest levels of burnout.
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