Atopy in children with Eczema
Department of Pediatrics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, China. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics
(Impact Factor: 0.87).
05/2010; 77(5):519-22. DOI: 10.1007/s12098-010-0042-0
To explore the prevalence of common food and aeroallergens sensitization in early childhood skin diseases. and to compare the pattern of common food and aeroallergens sensitization before and after 6 months among infants with atopic dermatitis (AD).
All skin prick tests (SPTs) performed on children pound18 months of age managed at the pediatric dermatology clinic of an university-affiliated teaching hospital over a 16-month period were examined.
There was generally no difference in the pattern of sensitization to common food and aeroallergens between AD patients and non-AD young children with miscellaneous dermatological or gastrointestinal conditions. Dust mites were the only common aeroallergens in these patients; whereas egg and peanuts were the common sensitizing food allergens. Cat and dog fur as aeroallergens, soy bean, orange and beef as food allergens were relatively uncommon among the studied subjects. In AD, infants pound 6 months were generally naive to aeroallergens but became sensitized to the D. Pteronyssinus in the next 12 months of age. 80% of these infants were not sensitized to cow's milk and none sensitized to soybean.
Atopic sensitization to common allergens was common in early childhood with or without AD. Majority of young infants were not sensitized to milk, and develop eczema before they show atopy to the milk or soy allergens.
Available from: Ellis Kam Lun Hon
- "The presence of atopy, according to the theory of Atopic March, implies that young children with eczema may develop airway allergy such as asthma or allergic rhinitis later in life [5,6,8]. Atopy is defined clinically (personal or family history of eczema, asthma or allergic rhinitis) and by laboratory tests (such as positive skin prick reaction to common food and aeroallergens or elevated serum IgE levels above laboratory reference range for age) [4,9-11]. This study aims to review PubMed-indexed research publications statistics on atopic eczema over a-10 year period to investigate the clinical relevance and research interests about this disease. "
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ABSTRACT: Atopic eczema is a common and distressing disease. This study aims to review PubMed indexed research statistics on atopic eczema over a-10 year period to investigate the clinical relevance and research interest about this disease.
PubMed (a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine) was searched for the terms "atopic dermatitis" and "eczema", with limits activated (Humans, Clinical Trial, Meta-Analysis, Randomized Controlled Trial, English, published in the last 10 years), and editorials, letters, practice guidelines, reviews, and animal studies excluded. Journal impact factor (IF) is in accordance with Journal Citation Report (JCR) 2009, a product of Thomson ISI (Institute for Scientific Information).
A total of 890 articles were retrieved. Taking out publications that were irrelevant and those without an impact factor, 729 articles were obtained. These articles were grouped into dermatology (n = 337, mean IF: 3.01), allergy/immunology (n = 215, mean IF: 4.89), pediatrics (n = 118, mean IF: 2.53) and miscellaneous subject categories (n = 142, mean IF: 5.10). The impact factors were highest in the miscellaneous category (p = 0.0001), which includes such prestigious journals as the New England journal of Medicine (n = 1, IF: 47.05), the Lancet (n = 4, IF: 30.76) and BMJ (n = 6, IF: 13.66). There was no publication in any family medicine or general practice journal. The British Journal of Dermatology (n = 78), Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (n = 49) and Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (n = 46) had the highest number of publications on the subject. Atopic eczema ranked higher in impact factors in allergy/immunology although more publications appeared in the dermatology category.
Atopic eczema is a multidisciplinary disease. Its clinical relevance and research interests are definitely beyond that of a mere cutaneous disease. Investigators may consider allergy/immunology and miscellaneous journal categories for higher impact of their research.
Available from: Ting F. Leung
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ABSTRACT: Background: Despite an increasing body of clinical and laboratory evidence suggesting that food hypersensitivity plays a pathogenic role in Atopic Eczema (AE) in a subset of patients, whether IgE food sensitization has any impact on the clinical severity of AE is not clearly established. Objective: To investigate the association between the severity of eczema and immunoglobulin E mediated food sensitization among atopic eczema children in Hong Kong. Study Design: A retrospective chart review study of total 77 atopic eczema cases (age 0-14 years) was carried out. The eczema severity scores (three item severity scores TIS), skin prick test results (wheal diameters), and food specific immunoglobulin E levels, clinician diagnosed food allergy were recorded as main outcome measures. Immunoglobulin E mediated food sensitization was diagnosed when the skin prick test resulted in a wheal diameter of greater than 3 mm compared with the negative control and serum food specific immunoglobulin E level greater than 0.35 ku/L. Result: Overall IgE food sensitization to at least 1 food by either skin prick test or blood test was 81.8%. Eczema severity by TIS was not correlated with the frequency of immunoglobulin E mediated food sensitizations (p-value=0.1346). More than 60% of children in this study developed eczema before 6 months old and this early onset eczema group was highly associated with egg, cow's milk and fish sensitizations (p-value=0.0179, 0.015, and 0.0468 respectively). A positive association was found between the eczema severity and serum total IgE level (p-value=0.002). Conclusion: IgE food sensitization is very common in this small cohort of Hong Kong children with atopic eczema. Most eczema children with or without clinical history of food reactions have shown positive SPT and CAP-FEIA, or one of the two. Severity of atopic eczema is positively associated with the levels of total IgE. It was not shown that any particular food sensitization was associated with severity of eczema.
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