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Ethylene Is Not Involved in Hormone- and Bromoethane-Induced Dormancy Break in Russet Burbank Minitubers
Abstract and Figures
The involvement of ethylene in the dormancy breaking actions of cytokinins, GA, and BE was investigated using Russet Burbank minitubers. Injection of 10 µg tuber−1 BA, CP, GA, NG, or ZEA or 24 hour exposure to BE effectively broke dormancy and stimulated sprout growth over a two-week period. Although ethylene production was slightly enhanced by all treatments, a significant increase in ethylene production was observed in minitubers treated with BE, CP, or NG. Pretreatment with the ethylene antagonists STS or MCP did not affect the dormancy breaking actions of any of the agents tested. Application of the ethylene synthesis inhibitor AVG to NG-treated minitubers, completely suppressed ethylene production but had no effect on dormancy break. Application of exogenous ethylene or stimulation of endogenous ethylene production by ACC treatment did not break minituber dormancy or stimulate sprout growth. Collectively, these results indicate that endogenous ethylene does not play a role in the dormancy breaking actions of cytokinins, GA, or BE.
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