Miniaturization of Fresnel lenses for solar concentration: a quantitative investigation

Applied Physics and Photonics Department (TONA), Vrije Universiteit Brussel,Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
Applied Optics (Impact Factor: 1.78). 04/2010; 49(12):2339-46. DOI: 10.1364/AO.49.002339
Source: PubMed


Sizing down the dimensions of solar concentrators for photovoltaic applications offers a number of promising advantages. It provides thinner modules and smaller solar cells, which reduces thermal issues. In this work a plane Fresnel lens design is introduced that is first analyzed with geometrical optics. Because of miniaturization, pure ray tracing may no longer be valid to determine the concentration performance. Therefore, a quantitative wave optical analysis of the miniaturization's influence on the obtained concentration performance is presented. This better quantitative understanding of the impact of diffraction in microstructured Fresnel lenses might help to optimize the design of several applications in nonimaging optics.

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