Article

Monoclonal Antibody-Based Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays for the Organophosphorus Insecticide O-Ethyl O-4-Nitrophenyl Phenylphosphonothioate (EPN)

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (Impact Factor: 2.91). 04/2010; 58(9):5241-7. DOI: 10.1021/jf904528y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at developing competitive direct and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the organophosphorus insecticide O-ethyl O-4-nitrophenyl phenylphosphonothioate (EPN) using a monoclonal antibody (mAb). Of the five EPN derivatives (haptens) prepared for use as an immunogen or as a competitor, two of them were used as the immunogen for the production of the mAbs. By using the antibody with the highest specificity and a coating antigen (hapten-OVA conjugate), a competitive indirect ELISA was developed, which showed an IC(50) of 2.9 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.3 ng/mL. A competitive direct ELISA using a different antibody and an enzyme tracer was also developed, which showed an IC(50) of 0.6 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.09 ng/mL. The mAbs in both assays showed negligible cross-reactivity with other organophosphorus pesticides. The recoveries of EPN from spiked samples determined by the developed ELISA ranged from 59 to 143%. Dilution of the samples improved the recovery. The assay performance of the present ELISAs based on the mAb was compared with that of the EPN ELISAs based on polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) that had been developed previously and was found to be better in dynamic response.

Full-text preview

Available from: ucanr.org
  • Source
    • "Since hapten heterology is often employed to modify the performance of competitive immunoassay for small molecules (Kim et al., 2003;Wang et al., 2011), it can also be introduced into the steps of hybridoma selection. To date, using heterologous ELISAs for hybridoma screening is yet limited to very few kinds of MAb generation (Liu et al., 2010;Muldoon et al., 2000;Shim et al., 2010;Wang et al., 2010). Hence, in the present study, we attempted to explore the applicability of heterologous screening for hybridoma selection. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hapten heterology was introduced into the steps of hybridoma selection for the development of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against deoxynivalenol (DON). Firstly, a novel heterologous DON hapten was synthesised and covalently coupled to proteins (i.e. bovine serum albumin (BSA), ovalbumin and horseradish peroxidase) using the linkage of cyanuric chloride (CC). After immunisation, antisera from different DON immunogens were checked for the presence of useful antibodies. Next, both homologous and heterologous enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were conducted to screen for hybridomas. It was found that heterologous screening could significantly reduce the proportion of false positives and appeared to be an efficient approach for selecting hybridomas of interest. This strategy resulted in two kinds of broad-selective MAbs against DON and its analogues. They were quite distinct from other reported DON-antibodies in their cross-reactivity profiles. A unique MAb 13H1 derived from DON-CC-BSA immunogen could recognise DON and its analogues in the order of HT-2 toxin > 15-acetyl-DON > DON > nivalenol, with IC50 ranging from 1.14 to 7.69 mu g/ml. Another preferable MAb 10H10 generated from DON-BSA immunogen manifested relatively similar affinity to DON, 3-acetyl-DON and 15-acetyl-DON, with IC50 values of 22, 15 and 34 ng/ml, respectively. This is the first broad-specific MAb against DON and its two acetylated forms and thus it can be used for simultaneous detection of the three mycotoxins.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2014 · World Mycotoxin Journal
  • Source
    • "Indeed, sample preparation requirements are minimal in comparison to LC-MS-based methods, significantly reducing analysis time and expense. Several reports described the development of antibodies and immunoassays for the detection and quantification of small molecules [7] including steroids [8] [9] cholesterol [10], 7- ketocholesterol [11] and squalamine, a steroidal alkaloid initially found in sharks [12]. Consequently, we aimed to develop an immunoassay suitable for the assay of DDA. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have recently discovered the existence of 5α-Hydroxy-6β-[2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)ethylamino]cholestan-3β-ol, called Dendrogenin A (DDA), as the first endogenous steroidal alkaloid ever described in mammals. We found that the DDA content of tumors and cancer cell lines was low or absent compared with normal cells showing that a deregulation in DDA biosynthesis was associated with cancer and therefore suggesting that DDA could represent a metabolomic cancer biomarker. This prompted us to produce antibodies that selectively recognize DDA. For this purpose, the hapten 5α-hydroxy-6β-[2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)ethylamino]cholestan-3β-o-hemisuccinate with a carboxylic spacer arm attached to the 3β-hydroxyl group of DDA was synthesized. The hapten was coupled to bovine serum albumin and keyhole limpet hemocyanin for antibody production to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein conjugates were injected into BALB/c mice to raise antibodies. The monoclonal antibodies that were secreted from the hybridoma cell lines established were assessed with indirect ELISA by competitive assays using dilutions of a DDA standard. The antibodies from the selected hybridomas had an IC(50) value ranging from 0.8 to 425 ng/ml. Three antibodies showed no cross-reactivity with structurally related compounds including histamine, cholesterol, ring B oxysterols and a regio-isomer of DDA. In this study, high-affinity and selective antibodies against DDA were produced for the first time, and a competitive indirect ELISA was developed.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Biochimie
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A sensitive and selective method for the paraoxon detection based on enzyme inhibition and fluorescence quenching was presented in this study. Under the catalytic effect of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), acetylthiocholine (ATCh) hydrolysis released thiocholine (TCh) which could react with N-(7-dimethylamino-4-methylcoumarin-3-yl) maleimide (DACM) to produce a blue fluorescence compound. Subsequently, AChE catalytic activity was inhibited with the addition of paraoxon, which caused TCh decreased, leading to a significant decrease of the blue fluorescent compound. Meanwhile, p-nitrophenol, the hydrolysis product of paraoxon, would lead to a quenching of the fluorescence. Therefore, fluorescence intensity of the system would decrease dramatically by a combined effect of enzyme inhibition and fluorescence quenching. Under optimal experimental conditions, an excellent linear relationship between the decrease of fluorescence intensity and paraoxon concentration over the range from 5.5 × 10(-12) to 1.8 × 10(-10) mol L(-1) was obtained. Fluorescence background caused by nonenzymatic hydrolysis of ATCh or other matters was relatively low, the proposed approach offered adequate sensitivity for the detection of paraoxon at 3.5 × 10(-12) mol L(-1).
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Talanta
Show more