vttR(A) and vttR(B) Encode ToxR Family Proteins That Mediate Bile-Induced Expression of Type Three Secretion System Genes in a Non-O1/Non-O139 Vibrio cholerae Strain

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.
Infection and immunity (Impact Factor: 3.73). 04/2010; 78(6):2554-70. DOI: 10.1128/IAI.01073-09
Source: PubMed


Strain AM-19226 is a pathogenic non-O1/non-O139 serogroup Vibrio cholerae strain that does not encode the toxin-coregulated pilus or cholera toxin but instead causes disease using a type three secretion
system (T3SS). Two genes within the T3SS pathogenicity island, herein named vttRA (locus tag A33_1664) and vttRB (locus tag A33_1675), are predicted to encode proteins that show similarity to the transcriptional regulator ToxR, which
is found in all strains of V. cholerae. Strains with a deletion of vttRA or vttRB showed attenuated colonization in vivo, indicating that the T3SS-encoded regulatory proteins play a role in virulence. lacZ transcriptional reporter fusions to intergenic regions upstream of genes encoding the T3SS structural components identified
growth in the presence of bile as a condition that modulates gene expression. Under this condition, VttRA and VttRB were necessary for maximal gene expression. In contrast, growth in bile did not substantially alter the expression of a reporter
fusion to the vopF gene, which encodes an effector protein. Increased vttRB reporter fusion activity was observed in a ΔvttRB strain background, suggesting that VttRB may regulate its own expression. The collective results are consistent with the hypothesis that T3SS-encoded regulatory proteins
are essential for pathogenesis and control the expression of selected T3SS genes.

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Available from: Vincent Tam, Mar 28, 2014
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