A Knowledge-Based Intervention for Promoting Carpooling

Article (PDF Available)inEnvironment and Behavior 27(5) · September 1995with95 Reads
DOI: 10.1177/0013916595275003 · Source: OAI
The use of interesting text, particularly stories, has been shown to be an effective way of transferring information. This is due, in part, to the compatibility of narrative forms of information with human information processing biases. This study tested the impact of a story-based intervention on employees' knowledge and attitudes about, and stated willingness to adopt, carpooling. The story-based intervention was compared to a fact sheet-based intervention and to a control. A total of 645 employees at five sites participated in the study. Results indicate that individuals who received information, whether in story or factual format, felt more comfortable with their carpool knowledge and felt that they had adequate knowledge to guide them in discussions and problem solving regarding carpooling. Furthermore, regardless of the type of intervention, the more interesting text was associated with greater perceived knowledge, greater confidence and comfort with knowledge, and increased willingness to try carpooling. The interventions had no significant impact on attitudes. Implications and suggestions for future research are offered. Peer Reviewed http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/67204/2/10.1177_0013916595275003.pdf
from the SAGE Social Science Collections. All Rights Reserved.
    • "Here we might also consider initiatives that aim to encourage respect for and engagement with nature, e.g., wellbeing interventions involving gardening (Milligan, Gatrell, & Bingley, 2004). At a mesosystemic level, sustainable behaviour can be promoted by encouraging energy efficient travel (i.e., reducing energy consumption used commuting between microsystems), such as car-pooling (Kearney & De Young, 1995) or active commuting (Sinnett & Powell, 2012). At an exosystem level, sustainability initiatives include the promotion of environmentally-friendly behaviours like recycling, such as interventions that attempt to position it as a cultural norm (Hopper & Nielsen, 1991), and on-going efforts to establish or enhance the provision of local recycling services (Read, 1999). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although the field of positive psychology has made great strides in developing interventions for wellbeing, many of these are aimed at individuals, designed to engender adaptive psychological qualities and skills. As such, relatively little attention has been paid within the field to the socio-cultural factors that influence health and wellbeing. However, there is an emergent body of work that does focus on these factors, as summarised in this paper. Using Urie Bronfenbrenner’s (1977) multileveled ecological systems theory as a framework, the paper provides an overview of socio-cultural wellbeing interventions and research at multiple levels of scale (microsystems, mesosystems, exosystems, macrosystems, and ecosystems). In doing so, the paper has two main aims: (a) to show how positive change in wellbeing can be affected by the strategic manipulation of socio-cultural contextual factors; and (b) to suggest ways in which the adoption of such a contextual approach can inform policy making.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015
    • "In some cases, a social-marketing program has been designed to promote a specific alternative to single occupancy cardriving, such as ridesharing or carpooling (e.g., McClintock, 2000; Chun, 1993; Kearney and De Young, 1995; Smith and Beroldo, 2002; Glazer et al., 1986), cycling (e.g., Cleary and Ryley, 2001; Gaffron, 2003; Rose et al., 2003) or public transit (e.g., Bachman and Katzev, 1982; see also Deka, 1996; Enoch and Potter, 2002; Stradling, 2002). In other more ambitious cases, the goal has been to match available alternatives (individual modes or a combination) to the individual driver's needs (e.g., Lohmann-Hansen et al., 2001; Brög et al., 2003) 1 . "
    Article · Apr 2007 · Psychology Public Policy and Law
    • "Kearney and Kaplan (1997) used a structured 3CM procedure with participants in a larger experimental study on perceptions of carpooling (see Kearney & De Young, 1995). In this larger study, the researchers were attempting to test for differences between story-based (e.g., case studies, narratives) presentation and fact-sheet based presentation of information about carpooling. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Conceptual content cognitive mapping (3CM, Kearney & Kaplan, 1997) is a method that combines interviews, card-sorting tasks, and both qualitative and quantitative analytic techniques to produce visual depictions of cognitive content. The 3CM produces highly detailed information about concepts as perceived by participants, and allows researchers to use analytic procedures to assess them. This article summarizes the assumptions, background, and procedures of the 3CM. This article also provides a review of the published studies that have used the 3CM. These articles used the 3CM to elicit information about appropriate forest management, carpooling, pain management for children, empowering housing programs, and understanding rural character.
    Full-text · Technical Report · Jan 2007 · Psychology Public Policy and Law
Show more