Generalized Motor Abilities and Timing Behavior in Children With Specific Language Impairment

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research (Impact Factor: 2.07). 04/2010; 53(2):383-93. DOI: 10.1044/1092-4388(2009/08-0204)
Source: PubMed


To examine whether children with specific language impairment (SLI) differ from normally developing peers in motor skills, especially those skills related to timing.
Standard measures of gross and fine motor development were obtained. Furthermore, finger and hand movements were recorded while children engaged in 4 different timing tasks, including tapping and drawing circles in time with a metronome or a visual target. Fourteen children with SLI (age 6 to 8 years) and 14 age-matched peers who were typically developing participated.
As expected, children with SLI showed poorer performance on a standardized test of gross and fine motor skill than did their normally developing peers. However, timing skill in the manual domain was equivalent to that seen in typically developing children.
Consistent with earlier findings, relatively poor gross and fine motor performance is observed in children with SLI. Surprisingly, rhythmic timing is spared.

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Available from: Howard Zelaznik, Jan 08, 2014
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    • "A large number of cases have been reported in which subjects have a language profile that fits into SLI criteria but they also show other non-linguistic difficulties or deficits. This was the case of the KE family and many others reported in studies of motor dysfunctions (Zelaznik & Goffman, 2010). In our G family, in addition to these motor difficulties, we have also observed clear auditory phonological/phonetic inability. "
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