Synthesis and ethylene trimerisation capability of new chromium(II) and chromium(III) heteroscorpionate complexes

Department of Chemistry, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, UK.
Dalton Transactions (Impact Factor: 4.2). 04/2010; 39(15):3653-64. DOI: 10.1039/b926333k
Source: PubMed


Reaction of (Me(2)pz)(2)CHSiMe(2)N(H)R (R = (i)Pr or Ph) or (Me(2)pz)(2)CHSiMe(2)NMe(2) with CrCl(3)(THF)(3) or CrCl(2)(THF)(2) gave Cr{(Me(2)pz)(2)CHSiMe(2)NR(1)R(2)}Cl(3) (R(1) = H, R(2) = (i)Pr (10) or Ph (11); R(1) = R(2) = Me (15)) or Cr{(Me(2)pz)(2)CHSiMe(2)NR(1)R(2)}Cl(2)(THF) (R(1) = H, R(2) = (i)Pr (12) or Ph (13); R(1) = R(2) = Me (16)), respectively. Compounds 10 and 11 were crystallographically characterized and the magnetic behaviour of all the new compounds was evaluated using SQUID magnetometry. Reaction of CrCl(3)(THF)(3) with Li{C(Me(2)pz)(3)}(THF) gave the zwitterionic complex Cr{C(Me(2)pz)(3)}Cl(2)(THF) (17) containing an apical carbanion. Reaction of the analogous phenol-based ligand (Me(2)pz)(2)CHArOH (ArO = 2-O-3,5-C(6)H(2)(t)Bu(2)) with CrCl(3)(THF)(3) gave Cr{(Me(2)pz)(2)CHArOH}Cl(3) (19) whereas the corresponding reaction with CrCl(2)(THF)(2) unexpectedly gave the Cr(III) phenolate derivative Cr{(Me(2)pz)(2)CHArO}Cl(2)(THF) (20) which could also be prepared from CrCl(3)(THF)(3) and the sodiated ligand [Na{(Me(2)pz)(2)CHArO}(THF)](2). Reaction of the corresponding ether (Me(2)pz)(2)CHArOMe with CrCl(3)(THF)(3) or CrCl(2)(THF)(2) gave Cr{(Me(2)pz)(2)CHArOMe}Cl(3) (23) and Cr{(Me(2)pz)(2)CHArOMe}Cl(2)(THF) (24), respectively. The catalytic performance in ethylene oligomerisation/polymerisation of all of the new Cr(II) and Cr(III) complexes was evaluated. Most of the complexes showed high activity, but produced a Schultz-Flory distribution of alpha-olefins. Compound 23 had an exceptionally low alpha-value of 0.37 and showed a preference for 1-hexene and 1-octene formation. While replacing a secondary amine (10-13) for a tertiary amine (15-16) resulted in loss of catalytic activity, replacing a phenol (19) for an anisole (23) group afforded a more selective and more active catalyst. Changing from MAO to DIBAL-O as cocatalyst induced a switch in selectivity to ethylene polymerisation.

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