El Paleolítico Medio en Europa Central
Zephyrus: Revista de prehistoria y arqueología, ISSN 0514-7336, Nº 53-54, 2000-2001, pags. 79-142 53(2000).
This article summarises the Middle Palaeolithic of Central Europe, reflecting our present state of knowledge and current questions En este artículo el autor presenta un estado de la cuestión sobre los estudios llevados a cabo en el Centro de Europa el Paleolítico medio. Paleólitico Medio, Centro de Europa, Cronología del Pleistoceno Medio y Superior.
Available from: Krzysztof Jan Cyrek
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ABSTRACT: The Kolodiiv section is situated in the central part of the East Carpathian Foreland, on the right bank of the Sivka River, the Carpathian tributary of the Dniester River. This paper summarizes investigations on the loess deposit succession representing the Late Pleistocene, which is subdivided by several interstadial palaeosols and is bracketed by the last interglacial soil/organic deposits and Holocene soil. The Kolodiiv loess-palaeosol sequence provides an excellent high-resolution terrestrial archive of changing climate during OIS 5-2 in the East Carpathian Foreland and forms the basis for a regional pedo- and loess stratigraphy. The stratigraphic scheme was constructed on the basis of palaeosol occurrence, lithological variation in the deposits, and also the results of TL dating and palaeomagnetic investigations. The exposure at Kolodiiv contains an archaeological site with Middle Palaeolithic materials. Four types of palaeopedological taxa have been distinguished within the loess deposit at Kolodiiv: an interglacial (Eemian) soil unit, which includes one or two soil-forming episodes; interstadial palaeosols, which include two weaker soil-forming episodes; thin interstadial two-horizon palaeosols; monogenetic incipient palaeosols. Palaeosols from the first and second group form the Horohiv soil unit correlated with OIS 5. Palaeosols from the third and fourth group occur as different soil types within the Dubno 1 and 2 units, which correspond to OIS 3.
Available from: João Zilhão
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ABSTRACT: The earliest known personal ornaments come from the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa, c. 75,000 years ago, and are associated
with anatomically modern humans. In Europe, such items are not recorded until after 45,000 radiocarbon years ago, in Neandertal-associated
contexts that significantly predate the earliest evidence, archaeological or paleontological, for the immigration of modern
humans; thus, they represent either independent invention or acquisition of the concept by long-distance diffusion, implying
in both cases comparable levels of cognitive capability and performance. The emergence of figurative art postdates c. 32,000
radiocarbon years ago, several millennia after the time of Neandertal/modern human contact. These temporal patterns suggest
that the emergence of “behavioral modernity” was triggered by demographic and social processes and is not a species-specific
phenomenon; a corollary of these conclusions is that the corresponding genetic and cognitive basis must have been present
in the genus Homo before the evolutionary split between the Neandertal and modern human lineages.
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