Social Support, Caregiver Burden, and Life Satisfaction in a Sample of Rural African American and White Caregivers of Older Persons With Dementia

School of Social Work, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487, USA.
Journal of Gerontological Social Work 04/2010; 53(3):251-69. DOI: 10.1080/01634370903478989
Source: PubMed


This article reports the findings of a study of African American and White dementia caregivers (n = 141) living in rural areas of Alabama that examined the relations between the participants' receipt of informal social support, and their levels of caregiver burden and life satisfaction. The sample, as a whole, reported high levels of social support with no reported differences in social support by race. Female caregivers reported higher mean scores on 3 of the 4 dimensions of social support than their male counterparts. Two of the 4 dimensions of social support accounted for 32% of the variance of the caregivers' reported level of life satisfaction.

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    • "Life satisfaction is an individual's subjective well-being that represents a person's quality of life (QOL) (Anand and Arora, 2009; Kaufman et al., 2010). QOL is a concept that is evaluated based on own goals, concerns, cultures, expectations, standards, living places and value systems that a person has (Netuveli and Blane, 2008). "

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    • "Many researches, however, predicted that as mothers were main caregivers of CDD, they suffered stronger impairment than fathers in terms of QoL (Allik, Larsson, & Smedje, 2006; Yamada et al., 2012), and fathers typically reported lower levels of psychological distress than their spouses (Emerson et al., 2010). The caregivers' age were shown to be insignificantly related to their LS (Kabasakal et al., 2012), while household income was positively associated with their LS (e.g., Kaufman et al., 2010; Yong et al., 2009). In spite of inconsistent findings and insignificant association with LS, these caregiver-related factors are of importance because they may further explain how caregivers' particular characteristics affect LS. "
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    ABSTRACT: It is known that factors such as socio-demographic characteristics and care-related stressors among caregivers of children with developmental disabilities (CDD) predict their life satisfaction (LS). Due to a lack of data, however, very little is known about the predictors of LS in South Korea. This study aims to examine factors associated with LS among the caregivers of CDD using the recently collected data from the national survey on people with developmental disabilities in South Korea. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was performed including a total of 390 caregivers participated in the survey. Key findings are as follows. (1) Both child’s age and caregiver’s age were negatively associated with caregivers’ LS, whereas the severity of child’s disability and monthly family income were positively associated with the caregivers’ LS. (2) While caregiving stress and perceived financial burden were negatively associated with LS, amount of time for caring was not significantly associated with LS. Based on the findings, discussion and implications for theory and practice are provided.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Asian Social Science
    • "Rodakowski, Skidmore , Rogers, and Schulz (2012) found that higher levels of social integration and received social support were associated with lower burden in SCI caregivers, and in the same sample, Rodakowski, Skidmore, Rogers, and Schulz (2013) found that negative social interactions and low social integration were associated with higher depression. These authors' study is the only one uncovered looking at social support in SCI caregivers, although a large body of research has documented the positive effects of social support on caregivers of individuals with other neurological conditions , including Alzheimer's disease (Drentea, Clay, Roth, & Mittelman, 2006), dementia (Burgio et al., 2003; Kaufman et al., 2010), and TBI (traumatic brain injury) [Stevens et al., 2013]. These findings generally suggest that despite significant stressors, social support may have a powerful influence on caregiver mental health. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background/objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of appraisal, belonging, and tangible social support on the mental health (depression, satisfaction with life, anxiety, and burden) of Colombian spinal cord injury (SCI) caregivers. Methods: Forty SCI caregivers from Neiva, Colombia completed questionnaires assessing their perceived social support and mental health. Results: Four multiple regressions found that the three social support variables explained 42.8% of the variance in caregiver depression, 22.3% of the variance in satisfaction with life, 24.1% of the variance in anxiety, and 16.5% of the variance in burden, although the effect on burden was marginally significant. Within these regressions, higher belonging social support was uniquely associated with lower depression, and higher tangible social support was uniquely associated with higher caregiver satisfaction with life. Conclusions: Social support may have a particularly important influence on SCI caregiver mental health in Colombia, due in part to the high levels of collectivism and strong family values shown to exist in Latin America, and may therefore be an important target for SCI caregiver interventions in this region.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Neurorehabilitation
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