Article

Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to Predict Gambling Behavior

Division on Addictions, Cambridge Health Alliance, 101 Station Landing, 2nd Floor, Medford, MA 02155, USA.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors (Impact Factor: 2.75). 03/2010; 24(1):89-97. DOI: 10.1037/a0018452
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Gambling is an important public health concern. To better understand gambling behavior, we conducted a classroom-based survey that assessed the role of the theory of planned behavior (TPB; i.e., intentions, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and attitudes) in past-year gambling and gambling frequency among college students. Results from this research support the utility of the TPB to explain gambling behavior in this population. Specifically, in TPB models to predict gambling behavior, friend and family subjective norms and perceived behavioral control predicted past-year gambling, and friend and family subjective norms, attitudes, and perceived behavioral control predicted gambling frequency. Intention to gamble mediated these relationships. These findings suggest that college-based responsible gambling efforts should consider targeting misperceptions of approval regarding gambling behavior (i.e., subjective norms), personal approval of gambling behavior (i.e., attitudes), and perceived behavioral control to better manage gambling behavior in various situations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

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    • "To understand gambling-related influences on a student requires several dimensions of a student's life to be examined, including the individual (Barnes, Welte, Hoffmann, & Tidwell, 2010; Ellenbogen, Jacobs, Derevensky, Gupta, & Paskus, 2008; Huang, Jacobs, & Derevensky 2010, 2011; King, Abrams, & Wilkinson, 2010; Martens et al., 2009; Seifert & Wulfert, 2011), the interpersonal (King et al., 2010) and the student's community and society as a whole (Foster, Neighbors, Rodriguez, Lazorwitz, & Gonzalez, 2014; Lee, 2013; Moore et al., 2013). A largest number of these studies have concentrated on student gamblers' motivations and psychiatric profiles (Atkinson, Sharp, Schmitz, & Yaroslavsky, 2012; Cummins, Nadorff, & Kelly, 2009; Ginley, Whelan, Meyers, Relyea, & Pearlson, 2014a; Ginley, Whelan, Relyea, Meyers, & Pearlson, 2014b; Ginley et al., 2015; Lee, 2013; Martin et al., 2010; Quinlan, Goldstein, & Stewart, 2014; Seifert & Wulfert, 2011; Thrasher, Andrew, & Mahony, 2011; Wu & Tang, 2012). For example, Quinlan et al. (2014) found that coping gambling motivations positively predicted if an individual would gamble alone, while social gambling motivations negatively predicted gambling alone and positively predicted gambling with friends. "
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    • "). As for perceived behavioural control, it corresponds to a person's perception of his/her personal resources (abilities, knowledge, etc.) and the factors that make it easier or more difficult to perform a particular behaviour (Ajzen, 2012; Ajzen & Madden, 1986; Martin et al., 2010 "
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    • "The psychological importance of this study is the finding that the TPB can be used to explain intent to report a crime. The TPB model has been used to explain intention to engage in behaviors in regards to sex, exercise, shopping, eating habits, and gambling (Conner, Norman, & Bell, 2002;Hansen, 2008;Martin et al., 2010;Mausbach, Semple, Strathdee, & Patterson, 2009). These results expand the arenas which TPB model can be used. "

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