Article

Computer modelling of the heat flow in surgical cement during endoprosthesoplasty

Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 01/2007;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The problem of the modelling of the surgical cement behaviour during implantation has beenpresented in the paper. The purpose was to find the proper model describing the temperature fields in the boneduring the surgery treatment.Design/methodology/approach: Computer modelling has been used to predict the temperature influence on thebone tissue during polymerization process.Findings: During orthopaedic surgical procedures with the use of methyl polymethacrylate surgical cements, thetemperature sometimes reaches 80°, which causes atrophy of the bone tissue. The process occurs locally, sinceit depends on both the amount of polymerization heat generated during the reaction and on the heat exchangeconditions at cement-bone tissue and bone cement – implant boundaries. Striving to better understand theabove-mentioned phenomena through a model approach, models were developed under the study to calculatetemperature distributions in the bone and in implant components during the procedure of endoprosthesis stemimplantation. Calculations were made for different cement layer thickness variants and for different amountof cement concentrated around the top of the stem. The characteristics of temperature changes with time indifferent points of the bone and cement have been determined and temperature distributions in bone and cementfor selected instants of time have been worked out.Practical implications: The analysis carried out makes it possible to determine the location of areas mostthreatened with an adverse effect of an elevated temperature. In each case, they are located in the vicinity ofthe top of the endoprosthesis stem. These conclusion together with obtained data should be important for thesurgeons during surgical operation..Originality/value: The work presents the own method of heat flow modelling during the polymerization of surgicalcements. The results of the own method of the heat source characteristic description has been shown as well.

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Available from: Jerzy Okrajni, Sep 03, 2015
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    • "Thus, it is important to understand the heat transfer phenomena in the system. Over the last 10 years, many researches have been studied heat transfer on the top part of the femur using mathematical model [1] [7] [6] [16]. Effects of the mechanical properties of the cement have been investigated [2] [5] [9] [12] [17] [21]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Total hip replacement involves cement flow interacting with other variables causing heat in the femoral canal. Understanding of heat transfer during cooling after cemented hip replacement is very essential for the surgery. Therefore, this research presents mathematical model and numerical simulation of heat transfer during cooling after cemented hip replacement. The artificial domain is constructed based on real domain using a set of CT scan data of the 65 years old patient. The governing equations are the classical heat transfer equations. The model is solved by finite element method. The temperature across multi-layers of the right artificial domain with implant was carried out.
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    • "His results from the model indicated that an auto accelerating heat production and a residual monomer concentration were able to cause bone tissue damage and affected the mechanical properties of the cement. J. Okrajni et al.(2007, [11]) proposed a mathematical model of the heat flow in surgical cement during implantation. "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper proposes a mathematical model of heat transfer in the cemented hip replacement using the metal-metal im-plant with no cup. Computational domain consists of three subregions including a femur region, an implant region and a femoral canal region. The femoral region is divided into two parts which are the top and the bottom parts occupied by the cement and the ambient air. The governing equation is a unsteady heat equation. Heat transfer by conduction is considered in this study. Finite element formula for the solution of heat transfer problem is derived. Effect of the initial temperature of the cement and the implant material on heat transfer process are investigated. Numerical results show that the initial temperature has significant effect whereas the implant materials has less effect. Keywords— unsteady heat equation, finite element method, ce-mented hip replacement, mathematical model, femur bone, implant material.
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    • "Determining conditions of mechanical loading in tissue surrounding implants or prosthesis functioning in organisms belongs to one of the basic tasks of engineering of biomaterials [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]. A typical example of that is an evaluation of mechanical interactions on dental prosthetic solution [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]. "
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