Efectos y manifestaciones psicopatológicas de la hospitalización infantil [Recurso electrónico] / A. Polaino Lorente.
En: Revista española de Pediatría. ISSN. 0034-947x n. 1 (1992), p. 52-60
Available from: Jose María León-Rubio
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ABSTRACT: Aim.- Efficacy assessment of a psychosocial strategy for preventing emotional reaction in children faced with surgery. Hypothesis.- To achieve this aim, the following suppositions were tested: the children on the program, in comparison with those in the control group, would feel less pre-surgery anxiety and post-surgery physical discomfort, and would show fewer behavioral problems during postsurgery. Relatives taking part in the program, in comparison with those in the control group, would feel less stress and a higher satisfaction level with received attention. Those children whose relatives or parents present a low level of stress would be those who show less anxiety when faced with surgery and who would present fewer behavioral problems after hospitalization. Subjects.- 78 children on a waiting list to have their tonsils removed, 46 males and 32 females, with an age range of between 6 and 8 years, and a mean age of 7,02. Design.- An experimental design with random groups, blocks and repeated measurements of the main dependent variables was used. Procedure.- The program was made up of the following elements. Domestic hospitalization, communication skills training for health staff, information to child about the hospital, surgery and people who would take care of him/her, coping strategies training by modeling, and the setting up of support groups with the parents. Results.- Hypotheses formulated were confirmed. Key words: Psychosocial intervention, surgery, stress, childhodd
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