Muscle-Eye-Brain Disease

Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
Journal of clinical neuromuscular disease 03/2010; 11(3):124-6. DOI: 10.1097/CND.0b013e3181c5054d
Source: PubMed


A term female infant was evaluated for global developmental delay, hypotonia, hyporeflexia, diffuse weakness including facial muscles, and visual impairment with optic nerve hypoplasia. In the absence of family history or perinatal concerns, an extensive investigation was performed, including lab studies, muscle biopsy, brain MRI and focused genetic testing. This revealed elevated serum CK, a structurally abnormal brain, and a dystrophic-appearing muscle biopsy with evidence of a glycosylation defect in the alpha-dystroglycan complex. Of the 6 known related genes, testing of the POMGnT1 gene showed three heterozygous missense mutations. Thus her history, examination, biopsy specimen, imaging, laboratory, and genetic studies are all consistent with the diagnosis of Muscle-Eye-Brain (MEB) disease. MEB is one of an emerging spectrum of congenital disorders that involve both central and peripheral nervous systems, described further in this case report.

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Available from: Aaron Bossler, Oct 22, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital muscular dystrophies have a broad spectrum of genotypes and phenotypes and there is a need for a better biochemical understanding of this group of diseases in order to aid diagnosis and treatment. Several mutations resulting in these diseases cause reduced O-mannosyl glycosylation of glycoproteins, including α-dystroglycan. The enzyme POMGnT1 (protein-O-mannose N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1; EC 2.4.1.-) catalyses the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine to O-linked mannose of α-dystroglycan. In the present paper we describe the biochemical characterization of 14 clinical mutants of the glycosyltransferase POMGnT1, which have been linked to muscle-eye-brain disease or similar conditions. Truncated mutant variants of the human enzyme (recombinant POMGnT1) were expressed in Escherichia coli and screened for catalytic activity. We find that three mutants show some activity towards mannosylated peptide substrates mimicking α-dystroglycan; the residues affected by these mutants are predicted by homology modelling to be on the periphery of the POMGnT1 surface. Only in part does the location of a previously described mutated residue on the periphery of the protein structure correlate with a less severe disease mutant.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinical feature of a Chinese family with muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB) and the mutation of protein O-linked-mannose beta-1, 2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1 gene (POMGNT1). Clinical data of the proband and his family members were collected. Genomic DNA from the patient and his parents was extracted using standard procedures from the peripheral blood leukocytes. Polymerase chain reaction and DNA direct sequencing were employed to analyze all of the exons to determine the mutation, and the relationship between genotype and phenotype was analyzed. The proband was diagnosed as floppy baby, presented with delayed psychomotor development and myopathic face. His serum creatine kinase (CK) level elevated moderately and brain MRI showed cerebral and cerebellar gyrus abnormalities with white matter signal intensity changes, cerebellar cysts and cerebellar and brain stem hypoplasia, consistent with congenital muscular dystrophy with eye brain disorder. Further test with DNA detected a compound heterozygous mutation of c.1896 1 G to C before exon 22 which may induce splicing error, and missense mutation c.1319T to G, p.L440R in exon 16. Both parents had a heterozygous mutation at the mutation sites. According to our study, the family is diagnosed as MEB. The proband carried compound heterozygous mutations in the POMGNT1 gene, and his parents are heterozygous carriers, which is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. The child is definitely diagnosed as having muscle eye brain disease.
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