Mycobacterium bovis, but also M. africanum present in raw milk of pastoral cattle in North-Central Nigeria

Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan, P.O. Box 21452, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Tropical Animal Health and Production (Impact Factor: 0.82). 03/2010; 42(6):1047-8. DOI: 10.1007/s11250-010-9533-2
Source: PubMed


Using deletion typing technique, five mycobacteria isolated from unpasteurised milk samples from cows in north-central Nigeria were characterized as Mycobacterium bovis (n = 4) and M. africanum (n = 1). This report emphasizes that transmission between the animal and human reservoir is a serious threat in Nigeria.

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    • "Bovine tuberculosis is a disease of economic and zoonotic importance which is distributed worldwide, with Africa and Asian countries ranking highest in terms of disease burden (WHO, 2009; Ejeh et al., 2014). In developed countries, BTB had been controlled through test and slaughter method (Cosivi et al., 1998; Ayele et al., 2004; Amanfu et al., 2006; Smith et al., 2006; Theon et al., 2006); in Africa, especially Nigeria, BTB is still a major concern (Cadmus et al., 2010). While retrospective study of tuberculous lesions at the abattoirs has been reported in many parts of Nigeria (Ameen et al., 2008; Aliyu et al., 2009; Igbokwe et al., 2001; Kwaghe et al., 2011); there is limited information on the prevalence of BTB in Otukpo, Benue State despite the enormous livestock activities in the area. "

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