Synthesis of disulfated peptides corresponding to the N -terminus of chemokines receptors CXCR6 (CXCR6 1-20 ) and DARC (DARC 8-42 ) using a sulfate-protecting group strategy
Dept. of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Journal of Peptide Science
(Impact Factor: 1.55).
04/2010; 16(4):190-9. DOI: 10.1002/psc.1220
Tyrosine sulfation is a post translational modification that occurs on integral membrane and secreted proteins, and is required for mediating crucial biological processes. Until recently the synthesis of sTyr peptides, especially those containing multiple sTyr residues, were among the most challenging peptides to prepare. We recently described an efficient strategy for Fmoc-based solid phase synthesis of sTyr peptides in which the sulfate group in the sTyr residue(s) is protected with a DCV group (FmocTyr(SO(3)DCV)OH, 1). After cleavage of the peptide from the support the DCV group is removed by hydrogenolysis. Here we demonstrate that sTyr peptides containing Met or Trp residues can be prepared using our sulfate-protecting group strategy by preparing peptides corresponding to residues 1-20 of chemokine receptor CXCR6 and 8-42 of chemokine receptor DARC. Removing the DCV groups at the end of the syntheses was readily achieved, without any reduction of the indole ring in Trp, by performing the hydrogenolysis in the presence of triethylamine. These conditions were found to be particularly efficient for removing the DCV group and superiour to our original conditions using H(2), ammonium formate, Pd/C. The presence of Met was found not to interfere with the removal of the DCV group. The use of pseudoproline dipeptides and N-backbone protection with the 2,4-dimethoxybenzyl group were found to be very effective tactics for preventing aggregation and aspartimide formation during the synthesis of these peptides. We also report an alternative and more cost effective synthesis of amino acid 1.
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ABSTRACT: Three 18-residue peptides with the sequence Glp-Asp-Thr-Thr-Asp-Glu-Trp-Asp-Arg-Asp-Leu-Glu-Asn-Leu-Ser-Thr-Thr-Lys, taken from the N-terminus of the rat epididymal cysteine-rich secretory protein (Crisp-1) that is important in the fertilization process, were prepared by Fmoc solid-phase synthesis using a convergent strategy. These peptides were the parent sequence, plus two possible α-O-linked T(N) antigen-containing glycopeptides with a Thr(α-D-GalNAc) residue in place of either Thr3 or Thr4. During chain assembly, two deletion peptides [des-Asp2 and des-Thr(Ac(3)-α-D-GalNAc)] and one terminated peptide [N-acetylated 14-mer] arose, as did several peptides in which aspartimide formation had occurred at each of the four possible positions in the sequence. These by-products totaled ~20% of the desired product; they were recognized by HPLC and ESI-MS and removed during the intermediate purifications. Final products, obtained in 15-21% overall yields, were characterized by HPLC purities and ESI-MS. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra for all three purified peptides, recorded in pure water and in trifluoroethanol-H(2)O (1:1), revealed that the presence of a sugar moiety does not significantly impact the sampled conformations. Future biological evaluation could elucidate the nature and locus of sugar modification of Crisp-1, and provide insight as to why Crisp-1 protein E binds sperm irreversibly, in contrast to protein D that lacks a sugar near the N-terminus and only binds sperm loosely.
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ABSTRACT: On solid ground: A solid-phase strategy for the efficient synthesis of sulfopeptides is described. Selective deprotection of orthogonally-protected tyrosine residues and solid-phase sulfation provided divergent access to differentially sulfated peptides in high yields.
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