Article

Behavioral Treatments in Autism Spectrum Disorder: What Do We Know?

MIND Institute, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA.
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology (Impact Factor: 12.67). 03/2010; 6(1):447-68. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131151
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Although there are a large and growing number of scientifically questionable treatments available for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intervention programs applying the scientific teaching principles of applied behavior analysis (ABA) have been identified as the treatment of choice. The following article provides a selective review of ABA intervention approaches, some of which are designed as comprehensive programs that aim to address all developmental areas of need, whereas others are skills based or directed toward a more circumscribed, specific set of goals. However, both types of approaches have been shown to be effective in improving communication, social skills, and management of problem behavior for children with ASD. Implications of these findings are discussed in relation to critical areas of research that have yet to be fully explored.

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    • "Effective interventions for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often rely on carefully selected reinforcers (e.g., Peters-Scheffer, Didden, Korzilius, & Sturmey, 2011; Vismara & Rogers, 2010). A variety of systematic preference assessments have been developed to identify potentially reinforcing tangibles for use within educational programs for children with ASD (Lohrmann-O'Rourke & Browder, 1998). "

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    • "These behaviors can impede social development and early academic success, which can compound over time and result in falling behind their typically-developing peers. A way to improve the trajectory is through early intervention services [Eldevik, et al., 2009; Landa & Kalb, 2012, Vismara & Rogers, 2010]. To receive these services, an individual must typically receive an ASD diagnosis. "
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    ABSTRACT: The age neutrality of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) was examined as a common screener for ASD. Mixed findings have been reported regarding the recommended cutoff score's ability to accurately classify an individual as at-risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (sensitivity) versus accurately classifying an individual as not at-risk for ASD (specificity). With a sample from the National Database for Autism Research, this study examined the SCQ's sensitivity versus specificity. Analyses indicated that the actual sensitivity and specificity scores were lower than initially reported by the creators of the SCQ. Autism Res 2015. © 2015 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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    • "It is a pervasive developmental disorder, characterized by a triad of impairments: social communication problems, difficulties with reciprocal social interactions, and unusual patterns of repetitive behavior [5]. Leo Kanner, a child psychiatrist [6], described it for the first time in 1943. An exhaustive description of this disorder in medical terms is beyond the scope of this paper. "
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    ABSTRACT: A system for real-time gesture tracking is presented, used in active well-being self-assessment activities and in particular applied to medical coaching and music-therapy. The system is composed of a video camera, a FireWire digitalization board, and a computer running own (custom) developed software. During the test sessions, a person freely moves his body inside a specifically designed room. The algorithms detect and extrapolate features from the human figure, such us spatial position, arms and legs angles, etc. An operator can link these features to sounds synthesized in real time, following a predefined schema. The augmented interaction with the environment helps to improve the contact with reality in subjects having some disability. The system has been tested on a set of young subjects affected by autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and a team of psychologists has analyzed the results of this experimentation.
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