Criterios de validez en la investigación cualitativa actual

Revista de investigación educativa, RIE, ISSN 0212-4068, Vol. 24, Nº 1, 2006, pags. 147-164 01/2006;
Source: OAI


The validity of the current qualitative research is analyzed in this paper. The scientific validity criteria are being questioned by validity criteria sensitive to issues such as interpretation, representation, reflexivity and research control. This paper provides criteria for the evaluation of the qualitative research papers, based on a validation that surpasses the triangulation and chooses «crystallization», processes which are supposed to be more coherent with the social reality that intends to capture the qualitative research En este trabajo se analiza el problema de la validez de la investigación cualitativa actual, pues los criterios de validez científica están siendo cuestionados por criterios de validez sensibles a problemas como la interpretación, la representación, la reflexividad y el control de la investigación. Proporciona criterios para evaluar la calidad y rigor de los trabajos de investigación cualitativa, apoyándose en una validación que supera la mera triangulación y opta por procesos de «cristalización», procesos que se suponen más coherentes a la realidad social que pretende captar la investigación cualitativa.

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    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Infancia y Aprendizaje
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    ABSTRACT: RESUMO: Partindo da conceptualização dos “problemas afetivos derivados do contacto” estuda-se a sua influência na aprendizagem em Rugby, Andebol e Voleibol. Este conceito agrupa emoções ligadas ao mantimento da integridade física (“medo ao contacto físico”, “medo à pelota”, “medo à caída”,...), junto com outras ligadas a aspetos sociais (“vergonha”, “nojo”). O trabalho aborda três estudos no marco do paradigma qualitativo, mediante o método de análise de conteúdo e com o apoio de estratégias quantitativas dentro dos “Métodos Mixtos”. Os dous primeiros forom realizados no âmbito universitário e o terceiro no escolar. O primeiro desses trabalhos serviu para estabelecer a metodologia dentro da “análise de conteúdos de documentos persoais”; o segundo permitiu um estudo prospectivo dos dados, a descrição da realidade a estudar no âmbito universitário e o refinamento da metodologia, centrando-a no método de “análise de diários com entrevista sobre os diários” com apoio de ferramentas informáticas de análise qualitativo (CAQDAS); no terceiro replica-se o estudo anterior no âmbito escolar incorporando sociometria e questionários. Os principais achados são: confirma-se a presença dos problemas afetivos derivados do contacto no ensino dos deportes estudados; constata-se a influência negativa destas emoções nos processos de ensino-aprendizagem; descrevem-se quais são os tipos de contactos que geram máis problemas; e analisam-se os factores a ter em conta para o seu controle. ABSTRACT: Starting from the conceptualization of emotional problems related to contact, we study its influence in the learning of Rugby, Handball and Volleyball. This concept groups emotions related to the maintenance of physical integrity: fear of physical contact, fear of falling, fear of the ball,etc together with other emotions related to social aspects such as embarrassment or disgust. This thesis broaches three studies in the frame of qualitative research through the method of analysis of content assisted with quantitative strategies within the Mixed Methods. The two first were carried out at the university sphere and the third one at the school setting. The first of these studies was used for establishing a methodology within the “analysis of content in personal documents”.The second one was a prospective study which allowed the description of the reality in study at the university level and the refinement in methodology. So, the method focused on the “analysis of diaries with interviews about them” together with the support of computer tools of qualitative analysis (CAQDAS) . The third of these studies replies the former one at the school setting and it also incorporates sociometrics and questionnaires. The main finds are: the presence of emotional problems related to contact in the teaching of the studied sports is confirmed; the negative influence of these emotions in the teaching-learning process is validated; the types of contacts which generate more problems are described as well as the factors to take into account to control those problems. RESUMEN: Partiendo de la conceptualización de los “problemas afectivos derivados del contacto” se estudia su influencia en el aprendizaje de Rugby, Balonmano y Voleibol. Este concepto agrupa emociones relacionadas con el mantenimiento de la integridad física (“miedo al contacto físico”, “miedo a la caída”, “miedo al balón”,...), junto con otras, vinculadas a los aspectos sociales (“vergüenza”, “asco”). El trabajo aborda tres estudios en el marco del paradigma cualitativo, mediante el método de análisis de contenido y con el apoyo de estrategias cuantitativas, dentro de los “Métodos mixtos”. Los dos primeros fueron realizados en el ámbito universitario y el tercero en el escolar. El primero de estos trabajos sirvió para establecer la metodología dentro del “análisis de contenidos de documentos personales”. El segundo permitió un estudio prospectivo de los datos, la descripción de la realidad a estudiar en el ámbito universitario y el refinamiento de la metodología, que finalmente fue centrada en el método de “análisis de diarios con entrevista sobre los diários” con el apoyo de herramientas informáticas de análisis cualitativo (CAQDAS). En tercer trabajo se replicó el estudio anterior en el ámbito escolar incorporando además sociometría y cuestionarios. Las principales conclusiones a destacar son: se confirma la presencia de los problemas afetivos derivados del contacto en la enseñanza de los deportes analizados; se constata la influencia negativa de estas emociones en los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje; se describen cuáles son los tipos de contacto más conflictivos y se analizan los factores a tener en cuenta para su control.
    Full-text · Thesis · Nov 2014
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