Expressed protein ligation for the preparation of fusion proteins with cell penetrating peptides for endotoxin removal and intracellular delivery

Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Impact Factor: 4.66). 02/2010; 1798(12):2249-57. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2010.02.003
Source: PubMed


Expressed protein ligation (EPL) is a useful method for the native chemical ligation of proteins with other proteins or peptides. This study assessed the practicability of EPL in the preparation of fusion proteins of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with chemically synthesized cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) for intracellular delivery. Using intein-mediated purification with an affinity chitin-binding tag (IMPACT) system, the thioester of EGFP (EGFP-SR) was prepared. Optimization of the ligation of EGFP-SR with arginine 12-mer (R12) produced the fusion protein in high yield. The EPL procedure also allows the preparation of EGFP-R12 containing a low level of endotoxin (ET), via the satisfactory ET removal of EGFP-SR prior to ligation with the R12 peptide. Fusion proteins of EGFP with R12 and the d-isomer of R12 prepared by EPL showed similar levels of cellular uptake compared to the fusion protein directly expressed in Escherichiacoli.

Full-text preview

Available from:
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work is to propose a mathematical model for the iron losses prediction in soft magnetic materials with any supply voltage. The starting point for the analysis is the knowledge of the iron losses with sinusoidal supply. The model is based on the separation of the losses contributions due to hysteresis, eddy current and excess losses with sinusoidal supply. Since any contribution depends on the supply voltage characteristics, it is possible to find a direct mathematical relationship between the iron losses contribution and the supply voltage characteristics. As a consequence, an iron losses prediction can be obtained with any supply voltage applied to the magnetic material. Finally, the experimental proofs of the proposed methods are reported
    No preview · Conference Paper · Feb 2001
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endotoxin removal is essential for the safety of biological products. To remove endotoxin efficiently, we used polymyxin B (PMB) affinity adsorbent to remove endotoxin from protein solutions by static adsorption. We studied the effects of spacer length and ligand density of the affinity adsorbent, pH, salt type and concentration, protein type and concentration, endotoxin concentration, and additive on endotoxin removal and protein recovery. Endotoxin content and protein concentration were determined by test and Lowry assay respectively. The results showed that PMB affinity adsorbent had high capacity, high adsorption speed, high removal efficiency and good reusability. In addition, ligand density, pH, salt concentration and the isoelectric point and hydrophobicity of protein all had remarkable influence on the endotoxin removal. Under the optimal conditions, the recoveries of hemoglobin, human serum albumin and lysozyme were 87.2%, 73.4% and 97.3%, respectively, and the corresponding endotoxin removal rates 99.8%, 97.9% and 99.7%, respectively. This study illustrated the effects of solution conditions on the efficiency of endotoxin removal and protein recovery, and would provide useful reference for the efficient removal of endotoxin from biological products.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The recent elucidation of molecular regulators of apoptosis and their roles in cellular oncogenesis has motivated the development of biomacromolecular anticancer therapeutics that can activate intracellular apoptotic signaling pathways. Pharmaceutical scientists have employed a variety of classes of biologics toward this goal, including antisense oligodeoxynucleotides, small interfering RNA, proteins, antibodies, and peptides. However, stability in the in vivo environment, tumor-specific biodistribution, cell internalization, and localization to the intracellular microenvironment where the targeted molecule is localized pose significant challenges that limit the ability to directly apply intracellular-acting, pro-apoptotic biologics for therapeutic use. Thus, approaches to improve the pharmaceutical properties of therapeutic biomacromolecules are of great significance and have included chemically modifying the bioactive molecule itself or formulation with auxiliary compounds. Recently, promising advances in delivery of pro-apoptotic biomacromolecular agents have been made using tools such as peptide "stapling", cell penetrating peptides, fusogenic peptides, liposomes, nanoparticles, smart polymers, and synergistic combinations of these components. This review will discuss the molecular mediators of cellular apoptosis, the respective mechanisms by which these mediators are dysregulated in cellular oncogenesis, the history and development of both nucleic-acid and amino-acid based drugs, and techniques to achieve intracellular delivery of these biologics. Finally, recent applications where pro-apoptotic functionality has been achieved through delivery of intracellular-acting biomacromolecular drugs will be highlighted.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Current pharmaceutical design
Show more