Possible Contribution of Ischemia of the Conus Branch to Induction or Augmentation of Brugada Type Electrocardiographic Changes in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
Department of Emergency Medicine, Asahikawa Medical College.International Heart Journal (Impact Factor: 1.07). 01/2010; 51(1):68-71. DOI: 10.1536/ihj.51.68
Recent evidence suggests an association between vasospastic angina and Brugada syndrome. Here we present two cases of coronary artery disease who presented with ECG abnormalities which might have been provoked or enhanced by ischemia of the conus branch of the right coronary artery. The 12-lead ECGs demonstrated normal sinus rhythm in these two cases. Interestingly, a saddle back or coved type ST segment elevation in leads V1-V3 was documented either in the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty procedure of the proximal right coronary artery or with an intracoronary acetylcholine (Ach) administration into the right coronary artery. These Brugada type ECG changes were restored to the baseline ECG waveform after improvement in the ischemia. In the second case, vasospasms of the conus branch of the right coronary artery were associated with a coved type ST segment elevation in leads V1 to V2. We discuss the possible interaction between ischemia caused by conus branch lesions and Brugada type electrocardiographic changes.
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ABSTRACT: Sporadic cases have reported the coexistence of coronary spasm and Brugada syndrome. However, the prevalence of the Brugada phenotype in coronary spasm is unknown, particularly in non-Japanese populations. In this study, we sought to examine the prevalence of the type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram (ECG) in a large European patient population undergoing intracoronary provocation testing for suspected coronary spasm. We retrospectively evaluated ECG data for the presence of type 1, 2, and 3 Brugada ECGs from 955 consecutive German patients without obstructive coronary artery disease undergoing intracoronary acetylcholine (ACH) provocation (ACH-test). Eight hundred and twenty-seven patients (age 63 ± 12 years; 42% male) with complete ECG data were eligible for further analysis. The ACH-test revealed coronary spasm in 325 patients (39.3%). A Brugada ECG of any type was found in six patients (0.7%) at baseline and eight patients (0.9%) at any time. There was no difference in the prevalence of coronary spasm in patients with (37.5%) and without (39.3%) Brugada-type ECGs. The type 1 Brugada ECG was not seen at baseline, but two type 1 Brugada ECGs were observed during ACH-administration into the right coronary artery (RCA; 0.2%), one with simultaneous RCA spasm and one without. Ajmaline provocation testing reproduced the type-1 Brugada ECG in the patient without coronary spasm but she had no other features of the Brugada syndrome. This study reports a low prevalence of the type 1 Brugada ECG in the largest known European collection of intracoronary ACH provocation. In these patients, we found no evidence for the coexistence of Brugada syndrome and coronary spasm. This is in contrast to available Japanese data.