Conference Paper

The National Science Foundation's Ocean Observatory Initiative: an interactive ocean observatory network to advance ocean research

Div. of Ocean Sci., National Sci. Found.
DOI: 10.1109/OCEANS.2004.1406478 Conference: OCEANS '04. MTTS/IEEE TECHNO-OCEAN '04, Volume: 4
Source: IEEE Xplore


Sustained ocean observing systems hold the promise of revolutionizing ocean science within this decade. Enabled by technological advances and made timely by societal need, a wide range of ocean and Earth observing systems are being planned, proposed, deployed and operated within the U.S. These systems emphasize real-time datasets for event response and adaptive sampling, well-sampled spatial and temporal contexts for limited duration or process-study experiments, and sustained operation to observe long-term trends and capture rare episodic events. Rapidly expanding observation and modeling capabilities will enable scientists to consider an entirely new set of interdisciplinary science questions which can then be used to guide and prioritize implementation strategies for upgrading existing, and deploying new observatories. The National Science Foundation's Division of Ocean Science has established the Ocean Research Interactive Observatory Networks (ORION) Program to operate and manage existing and future ocean observing sites funded by NSF some of which will be constructed using funds from the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) MREFC request. The OOI is an integrated observatory with three elements: 1) a regional cabled network consisting of interconnected sites on the seafloor spanning several geological and oceanographic features and processes, 2) relocatable deep-sea buoys that could also be deployed in harsh environments such as the Southern Ocean, and 3) new construction or enhancements to existing facilities leading to an expanded network of coastal observatories. The ORION Program will also coordinate the science driving the construction of this research observing network as well as operation and maintenance of the infrastructure; development of instrumentation and mobile platforms and their incorporation into the observatory network; and planning, coordination, and implementation of educational and public outreach activities. The ORION program will be the-
most complex initiative that ocean scientists have undertaken within the U.S. and it will revolutionize the way that oceanographers study the sea

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    • "Cabled observation systems are currently being built in Canada and Japan. Similar initiatives in the USA (OOI) [12] and Europe (ESONET) [13] are underway but have not received adequate funding yet. From a technical point of view, cabled observatories are the highly challenging although they finally will deliver the most sustained information in regard to scientific and technical data in focused regions. "
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    ABSTRACT: Integrated global measurements and the information derived from these observations provide critical inputs for sound management decisions on a local national and international scale. For this reason, 72 nations and 44 international organizations have come together to form the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The purpose of GEOSS is to achieve comprehensive, coordinated and sustained observations of the Earth system to meet the need for timely, quality, long term global information. GEOSS builds on, and adds value to, existing regional, national and international Earth observation systems by coordinating their efforts, addressing critical gaps, supporting their interoperability, sharing information, reaching a common understanding of user requirements and improving delivery of information to users. GEOSS is a complex system of sensors, communication devices, storage systems, computational and other devices used to observe the Earth and gather the data needed for a better understanding of the Earth's processes. In addition, GEOSS includes models and processes to create information from the observational data. This presentation will give the history and details of the current status of GEOSS and its relevance to ocean applications as part of the review of IEEE OES technical committee programs.
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    ABSTRACT: Exploring the ocean is an important activity for human being to understand our earth. A powered, high-bandwidth cabled facility linking the seafloor observatory instrumentation to shore and to the public in real time provides many advantages. The Seafloor Observatory Network (SONet) affords that platform for scientists to inquiry and analyses observed data, for the government to monitor the changing environment, and for the public to have an intuitive understanding of the ocean. SONet has to integrate data acquisition, data storage, data management and data display of tons of observatory instruments, all of which provide different kind of data format. A service-oriented architecture (SOA) based system is designed for the SONet to tackle these problems.
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    ABSTRACT: At present, there are many ocean observatory networks worldwide, which produce Terabytes of data every year. The challenge is for the organization to exploit those data. Download all the data on a personal computer to get further process is not very effective. Service-Oriented Architecture based Seafloor Observatory Network provides a platform for developers, most of who are scientists, to develop a variety of applications that deal with the observatory data. As the most popular language in the domain of science, MATLAB plays a vital role in the system by providing a large number of applications. In this paper, we deploy aPossibilistic C-Means based Image Segmentation application in form of Web Service, which is the most likely connection technology of SOA. Users can access this application with browsers conveniently.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Jan 2013