Article

The influence of the acromioclavicular joint degeneration on supraspinatus outlet impingement and the acromion shape.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece.
Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong) (Impact Factor: 0.7). 12/2009; 17(3):331-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

To assess the anatomic association of acromioclavicular joint degeneration to supraspinatus outlet impingement and the acromion shape.
Sagittal oblique magnetic resonance images of 49 shoulders in 49 patients were reviewed. 29 of them (mean age, 59 years) underwent surgery for impingement with or without rotator cuff tear (group 1), whereas the 20 controls (mean age, 27 years) were treated for shoulder instability without rotator cuff disease or acromioclavicular joint derangement (group 2). The supraspinatus outlet and the acromion shape of the 2 groups were compared.
The difference in the mean supraspinatus outlet between groups 1 and 2 was 11% (514 vs 577 mm[2], p=0.095) and between the subgroup (of group 1) with full thickness rotator cuff tears and group 2 was 17% (481 vs 577 mm[2], p=0.036). Six of the acromions in group 1 were type III (hooked) compared to none in group 2.
In severe acromioclavicular degeneration, distal clavicular excision is recommended, even in cases with an asymptomatic acromioclavicular joint, so as to prevent further osteophyte formation.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Edward Ebramzadeh, Sep 04, 2015
  • Source

    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong)
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate the effect of acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) degeneration on orthopedic shoulder tests (OST) and to determine complementary role of ACJ injections in the treatment of subacromial shoulder impingements. At a secondary care center, 62 patients (56 females, 6 males; mean age 55.8±9.3 years; range 35 to 74 years) with the clinical and radiological diagnosis of shoulder impingement syndrome were enrolled to the study. Two injections were applied to ACJ and subacromial space. Patients were assessed through OSTs (Neer, Hawkins-Kennedy, empty can, full can, external rotation resistance, lift-off and cross-body adduction tests) at baseline and after injection to ACJ and subacromial space. Visual analog scale was used for overall pain. Two injections and three sets of OSTs were performed on the patients. A significant difference was found in the all OSTs after ACJ injection (p<0.001). Visual analog scale scores improved significantly following both ACJ and subacromial injections (p<0.001). Concomitant ACJ diseases should assessed carefully in the patients with rotator cuff lesions, as it may change the type of management approach.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2013
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of rotator cuff is a common indication for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning of the shoulder. Conventional MRI is the most commonly used technique, while magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography is reserved for certain cases. Rotator cuff disorders are thought to be caused by a combination of internal and external mechanisms. A well-structured MRI report should comment on the relevant anatomic structures including the acromial type and orientation, the presence of os acromiale, acromio-clavicular degenerative spurs and fluid in the subacromial subdeltoid bursa. In addition, specific injuries of the rotator cuff tendons and the condition of the long head of biceps should be accurately reported. The size and extent of tendon tears, tendon retraction and fatty degeneration or atrophy of the muscles are all essential components of a surgically relevant MRI report.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014
Show more