Measurement of relative humidity dependent light scattering of aerosols

Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 01/2009; 3(1). DOI: 10.5194/amtd-2-2161-2009
Source: DOAJ


Relative humidity (RH) influences the water content of aerosol particles and therefore has an important impact on the particles' ability to scatter visible light. The RH dependence of the particle light scattering coefficient (σsp) is therefore an important measure for climate forcing calculations. We built a humidification system for a nephelometer which allows the measurement of σsp at a defined RH in the range of 40–90%. This RH conditioner consists of a humidifier followed by a dryer, which enables us to measure the hysteresis behavior of deliquescent aerosol particles. In this paper we present the set-up of a new humidified nephelometer, a detailed characterization with well defined laboratory generated aerosols, and a first application in the field by comparing our instrument to another humidified nephelometer. Monodisperse ammonium sulfate and sodium chloride particles were measured at four different dry particle sizes. Agreement between measurement and prediction based on Mie theory was found for both σsp and f(RH)=σsp(RH)/σsp(dry) within the range of uncertainty. The two humidified nephelometers measuring at a rural site in the Black Forest (Germany) often detected different f(RH), probably caused by the aerosol hysteresis behavior: when the aerosol was metastable, therefore was scattering more light, only one instrument detected the higher f(RH).

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    • "It should be noted that different authors used various reference RHs, ranging from 10 to 45% for the " dry " value, and 62 to 90% for the " wet " value (Kotchenruther and Hobbs 1998; Sheridan et al. 2002; Howell et al. 2006; Fierz-Schmidhauser et al. 2010), which makes direct comparison of the results difficult and/or confusing. The scattering factor F can also be assessed from the two or three parameter fit (Equation (1)); here, we will base our assessment of F on the most frequently used " dry " and " wet " RH values of 40 and 85% respectively, and the three parameter "
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