Article

Mindfulness Research Update: 2008

Duke Integrative Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.
Complementary health practice review 01/2009; 14(1):10-18. DOI: 10.1177/1533210108329862
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To briefly review the effects of mindfulness on the mind, the brain, the body, and behavior. METHODS: Selective review of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar databases (2003-2008) using the terms "mindfulness", "meditation", "mental health", "physical health", "quality of life", and "stress reduction." A total of 52 exemplars of empirical and theoretical work were selected for review. RESULTS: Both basic and clinical research indicate that cultivating a more mindful way of being is associated with less emotional distress, more positive states of mind, and better quality of life. In addition, mindfulness practice can influence the brain, the autonomic nervous system, stress hormones, the immune system, and health behaviors, including eating, sleeping and substance use, in salutary ways. CONCLUSION: The application of cutting-edge technology toward understanding mindfulness - an "inner technology" - is elucidating new ways in which attention, awareness, acceptance, and compassion may promote optimal health - in mind, body, relationships, and spirit.

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    • "Furthermore, given the effectiveness of MM in addressing mental health issues such as suicidal ideation, depression, and anxiety in a variety of populations, MM should be no less effective and may even be more helpful for those youth incarcerated in the juvenile justice system with undiagnosed and/or untreated mental health issues. Finally, the increased emotional and behavioral control associated with MM may be protective against the emotional responses associated with the life stressors incarcerated youth face outside of custody (Greeson, 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: The most successful programming offered in juvenile justice facilities does not easily transfer back to communities to give youth the opportunity to practice intervention skills once they return home. This transferability is particularly important to youth leaving state custody given that they disproportionately return to poor communities and disrupted families that both exacerbate behaviors associated with juvenile justice involvement and act as barriers to much needed services and support. With this in mind, a randomized controlled trial was conducted with a sample of 60 youth, ages 16 to 22, sentenced to state custody in a juvenile detention facility in New Jersey to quantitatively assess the ability of freely available Internet-based mindfulness meditation instruction to increase mindfulness. Weekly journals and open-ended post-test questions were used to qualitatively explore treatment experiences. Differences among age and treatment groups on quantitative measures of mindfulness, along with content analysis of journal entries, suggest that the Internet delivery of mindfulness meditation instruction increased mindfulness in older youth. Forty percent of treatment youth, compared to 5% of control youth, provided at least one detailed entry describing their use of “class skills” to help them deal with conflict in the facility. These findings suggest that an Internet delivery of mindfulness meditation is engaging to incarcerated youth, helpful to them in coping with life in a juvenile justice facility, and able to increase mindfulness in older youth who practice it.
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    • "Ainsi, des étudiants soumis à un stress mental de calcul présentent une moindre élévation du cortisol s'ils ont pratiqué des exercices de méditation (Integrative Body-Mental Training; 30). Le tonus parasympathique est augmenté chez les sujets pratiquant la Mindfulness que ce soit lors d'exercices de méditation ou face à un stress [36] [37]. Une observation analogue est faite pour d'autres types de méditation [38]. "
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    ABSTRACT: La Mindfulness ou pleine conscience a une longue histoire. Cette inclinaison permettant le développement de la concentration, de l’attention et de l’acceptation sans jugement envers tout ce qui est vécu dans le moment présent, se développe par la pratique de la méditation. À la fois, disposition et pratique, la Mindfulness est associée à des effets bénéfiques dans de nombreux champs de la santé mentale et physique. Cet article se propose de faire le point d’une part sur les mécanismes physiologiques et neurobiologiques qui sont actuellement proposés pour expliquer les bienfaits de la Mindfulness et d’autre part sur les nombreuses questions qui restent en suspens. La spécificité de la pratique de la méditation de pleine conscience sur ces mécanismes est considérée au regard des techniques de relaxation. Enfin, les données récentes sur les modifications du fonctionnement du cerveau au repos (Brain Default Mode) induites par la pratique de la Mindfulness, apportent des pistes de réflexion pour mieux comprendre ses bénéfices dans le champ de la santé.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · L Encéphale
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    • "Ainsi, des étudiants soumis à un stress mental de calcul présentent une moindre élévation du cortisol s'ils ont pratiqué des exercices de méditation (Integrative Body-Mental Training; 30). Le tonus parasympathique est augmenté chez les sujets pratiquant la Mindfulness que ce soit lors d'exercices de méditation ou face à un stress [36] [37]. Une observation analogue est faite pour d'autres types de méditation [38]. "
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