Using external magnet guidance and endoscopically placed magnets to create suture-free gastro-enteral anastomoses
Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. Surgical Endoscopy
(Impact Factor: 3.26).
05/2010; 24(5):1104-9. DOI: 10.1007/s00464-009-0735-5
To facilitate endolumenal and natural orifice procedures, this study evaluated a novel technique using external and endoscopically placed magnets to create suture-free gastroenteral anastomoses.
Seven anesthetized adult swine underwent endoscopic placement of magnets into the small bowel and stomach. Using external magnets, the endoscopically placed internal magnets were brought into opposition under endoscopic view. After 1-2 weeks, the pigs were killed and analyzed. At laparotomy and under sterile conditions, peritoneal cultures were obtained. The anastomoses were evaluated endoscopically and tested using an air insufflation test. Finally, the anastomoses were resected and evaluated microscopically.
The average operative time for endoscopic placement of the magnets was 34.3 +/- 14.8 min. Successful placement and creation of anastomoses occurred in six of the pigs. One pig did not form an anastomosis because the magnets were too large to pass through the pylorus at the time of attempted magnet placement. Six swine experienced uncomplicated postoperative courses. One pig's postoperative course involved constipation for several days, requiring additional fluids and fiber supplementation. The findings at endoscopy showed that the magnets were adhered to the anastomosis, which were easily freed, or within the stomach. The air insufflation test results were negative for all the pigs. At laparotomy, there was no evidence of infection, abscess, or leak, but two peritoneal culture results were positive with scant growth of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococcus, presumably contaminants. Microscopically, the anastomoses illustrated granulation and fibrous connective tissue without evidence of infection or leak.
Endoscopically placed magnets with external magnet guidance is a feasible and novel approach to creating patent gastroenteral anastomoses without abdominal incisions or sutures.
Available from: Hayrettin Ozturk
- "Magnetic compression anastomoses (magnamosis ) has previously been described for gastrointestinal , biliary, urinary, and vascular anastomoses           . In this study, the authors report the first creation of a magnetic compression colostomy (magnacolostomy) using a simple technique in rats. "
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ABSTRACT: Magnetic compression anastomoses (magnamosis) have been previously described for gastrointestinal, biliary, urinary, and vascular anastomoses. Objectives. Herein, the authors report the creation of a magnetic compression colostomy (magnacolostomy) using a simple technique in rats.
Animals were randomized into two groups (n = 8, each): a magnetic colostomy (MC) group and a control surgical tube colostomy (SC) group. In the MC group, the first magnetic ball (3 mm) was rectally introduced into the rat colon. The second magnetic ball (4 mm) was placed subcutaneously into the left quadrant, and the two magnetic balls strongly coupled. On postoperative day 20 for the MC group and postoperative day 10 in the SC group, the rats were sacrificed and the colostomies evaluated macroscopically, histopathologically, and for mechanical burst testing.
From the macroscopic evaluation, two rats failed to form the colostomy canal due to colostomy catheter and magnetic ball removal. In the remaining rats, evidence of complications were not observed. Two rats in the MC group displayed mild adhesion and all rats in the SC group displayed moderate adhesion. No significant differences between the burst pressures were observed. However, a significant difference (p < 0.001) between the procedure times of the MC (4.13 +/- 1.00 minutes) and SC groups (14.25 +/- 2.05 minutes) was evident.
Magnacolostomy is an easy and effective procedure in the rat model and presents a safe, minimally invasive alternative to current tube colostomy procedures such as antegrade continence enemas, percutaneous endoscopic, and colostomy/cecostomy in humans.
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ABSTRACT: Minimally Invasive Single Site (MISS) surgery is a better terminology to explain the novel concept of scarless surgery, which is increasingly making its way into clinical practice. But, there are some difficulties. We review the existing technologies for MISS surgery with regards to single-port devices, endoscope and camera, instruments, retractors and also the future perspectives for the evolution of MISS surgery. While we need to move ahead cautiously and wait for the development of appropriate technology, we believe that the "Ultimate form of Minimally Invasive Surgery" will be a hybrid form of MISS surgery and Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery, complimented by technological innovations from the fields of robotics and computer-assisted surgery.
Available from: Vincent Agnus
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of a totally endoscopic enteral bypass using a self-orienting, dual ring, magnetic anastomosis system (MAGNAMOSIS) guided by a magnetic tracking system (3D METRIS).
In an anesthetized pig, 2 endoscopes were advanced, one each into the stomach and the colon. Both endoscopes were equipped with a MAGNAMOSIS ring secured with an endoscopic snare and a 3D METRIS within one working channel. The whole procedure was followed laparoscopically. The tracking system guided tips of endoscopes to a "rendez-vous" location between the colon and stomach.
MAGNAMOSIS magnets automatically joined in the correct configuration when guided to within 2 cm of each other. At necropsy, magnetic rings were secure without entrapment of excess bowel or mesentery.
An endoscopic enteral bypass with magnetic anastomosis and magnetic tracking device was feasible. More accurate tracking and advanced techniques could enable endoscopic bypasses at multiple sites in the gastrointestinal tract.
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