Development of substituted 6-[4-fluoro-3-(piperazin-1-ylcarbonyl)benzyl]-4,5-dimethylpyridazin-3(2H )-ones as potent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) inhibitors active in BRCA deficient cells
IRBM, Merck Research Laboratories Rome, Pomezia 00040, Rome, Italy.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (Impact Factor: 2.42). 11/2009; 20(3):1100-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.11.087
We describe an extensive SAR study in the 6-[4-fluoro-3-(substituted)benzyl]-4,5-dimethylpyridazin-3(2H)-one series which led to the identification of potent PARP-1 inhibitors, capable of inhibiting the proliferation of BRCA-1 deficient cancer cells in the low nanomolar range, and displaying >100-fold selectivity over the BRCA wild type counterparts. The series of compounds was devoid of hERG channel activity, and CYP inhibition and induction liabilities. Several analogs were stable in rat and human liver microsomes and displayed moderate rat clearance, with urinary excretion of parent as the major route of elimination.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: PARP-1 inhibitors have emerged as a promising therapeutic class of compounds, and numerous PARP inhibitors, including iniparib (BiPar Sciences Inc/sanofi-aventis), olaparib (AstraZeneca plc), veliparib (Abbott Laboratories), PF-1367338 (Pfizer Inc), MK-4827 (Merck & Co Inc) and CEP-9722 (Cephalon Inc), have advanced into clinical trials. Several additional inhibitors are expected to enter clinical trials within the next year. Early investigations with PARP-1 inhibitors involved non-oncological indications, but development has since progressed to focus primarily on oncology, for use both as single chemotherapeutic agents in specific patient populations (eg, BRCA-deficient) and as combination therapies with various chemotherapeutics. This review focuses on new developments in lead clinical PARP inhibitors, recent disclosures of new inhibitors and the potential use of PARP-1 inhibitors in new disease settings.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The present work reports an energetic and structural study of 2-fluoro-, 3-fluoro-, and 4-fluorobenzonitrile. The standard molar enthalpies of formation, in the condensed phase, of the three isomers were derived from the standard molar energies of combustion, in oxygen, at T = 298.15 K. The standard molar enthalpies of vaporization or sublimation (for 4-fluorobenzonitrile), at T = 298.15 K, were measured using high-temperature Calvet microcalorimetry. The combination of these two parameters yields the standard molar enthalpies of formation in the gaseous phase. The vapor-pressure study of the referred compounds was performed by a static method, and the enthalpies of phase transition derived from the application of the Clarke and Glew equation. Theoretically estimated gas-phase enthalpies of formation, basicities, proton and electron affinities, and adiabatic ionization enthalpies were calculated from the G3MP2B3 level of theory. In order to evaluate the electronic properties, the geometries were reoptimized at MP2/cc-pVTZ level, and the QTAIM and NICS were computed. On the basis of the donor-acceptor system, another approach for evaluating the electronic effect for these compounds, using the NBO is suggested. The UV-vis spectroscopy study for the three isomers was performed. The intensities and the band positions were correlated with the thermodynamic properties calculated computationally.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.