Hooman Peimani, a consultant with United Nations agencies in Geneva and an independent
researcher on the Middle East, West Asia, and the Commonwealth of Independent States, has
written an ambitious work based on the premise that the Central Asian states (Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) share geographical, societal, political,
economic, and military factors, combined ... [Show full abstract] with common concerns. These commonalties mean that
the individual states are linked so closely that their national-security concerns cannot be
considered independently. Thus, one has a “security complex” in which there is
interdependence, rivalry, and shared interests.