Neighborhood land use diversity and physical activity in adjacent parks

Department of Kinesiology, Community Health Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.
Health & Place (Impact Factor: 2.81). 11/2009; 16(2):413-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.11.004
Source: PubMed


Park availability and land use diversity (LUD) are independent environmental correlates of physical activity (PA). This paper investigated whether parks were more likely to be used for PA if surrounded by greater LUD, as well as the interaction of LUD with the number of facilities in the park for predicting use of the park for PA. Facilities in 32 parks from 4 neighborhoods were audited and LUD around each park was calculated based on the residential, commercial, and institutional hectares within a 500 m polygon buffer. Physical activity log data from 384 adults in the 4 neighborhoods were used to determine which parks were used (18) or not used (14) for PA during the study week. Parks were categorized into four groups (e.g., high LUD/high facilities) using the medians for LUD and number of facilities. Unexpectedly, greater LUD within a park's buffer was related to a lesser likelihood of the park being used for PA. Parks with low LUD and a higher number of facilities were most likely to be used for PA. Some elements contributing to higher LUD around parks may deter PA therein (e.g., commercial areas with busy streets), but greater surrounding LUD may be related to PA in parks among younger or older populations or to other non-active park behaviors.

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Available from: Amanda J Johnson, May 09, 2014
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    • "(e.g., residential, commercial, industrial, institutional) were less likely to be used for physical activity (Kaczynski et al., 2010). In this analysis, we observed that the land uses adjacent to parks were relatively equally distributed across KCMO. "
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    ABSTRACT: Parks are important resources for facilitating community health. Using an environmental justice framework, this study in Kansas City, Missouri examined disparities by income and race/ethnicity for bordering land uses, densities of incivilities (e.g., vandalism, litter), unhealthy retail establishments in neighborhoods surrounding parks. Low and medium income and high minority park neighborhoods were more likely to be surrounded by higher densities of incivilities and to have a moderate density of FF restaurants. Low-income park neighborhoods were five times more likely to have a moderate density of other unhealthy establishments compared to parks in high-income areas. Future research and environmental justice efforts should explore policies that reduce unhealthy characteristics of park neighborhoods to encourage increased usage of these important community settings.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Leisure Research
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    • "It has been recommended that people who are physically inactive should start with short sessions (5–10 minutes) of PA before building-up to longer durations of activity [18], and even walking at a brisk pace for 5 (~500 m) [13,14,21] or 10 minutes (~1 km) may be associated with significant health benefits [18]. In a buffer zone of 500 m fixed at the centroid of the respondent’s postal code address, higher residential density and intersection frequency was associated with greater odds of engaging in walking or cycling for transportation purposes, whereas intersection frequency was associated with walking or cycling for leisure-time. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Many aspects of the built, physical environment have been shown to be associated with physical activity, but little research has focused on the unique circumstances and urban form of the suburban environment. The following analyses explore the associations between features of the built environment and components of overall physical activity, after accounting for neighborhood variability using hierarchical linear modeling. Methods These analyses utilized regionally-specific Geographic Information Systems data along with health measures collected from the 2007–8 Canadian Community Health Survey. Linear and logistic regression models explored the associations between measures of the built environment with leisure-time and transport-related physical activity. Results Respondents living with the highest number of intersections were more likely to engage in walking or cycling for leisure (OR: 1.85 CI 95%: 1.23-2.78), and in general, those living in areas with higher residential density were more likely to engage in active modes of transportation (OR: 2.67, CI 95%: 1.34-5.34). Conclusions Further analyses are necessary to clarify the extent to which modifications to such features of the built environment may improve physical activity participation in similar suburban communities.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · BMC Public Health
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    • "For example, the land use mix near the POS would stimulate residents to walk through the neighborhood to use shops and services in the neighborhood, which could facilitate park use. However, evidence shows an inverse association between the land use mix and park use [13]. In fact, the perception of aesthetics, street quality, traffic safety, crime and lighting of the neighborhood were associated with POS use among Australian and American adults [3,14,15]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the perceived environment and the use of public open spaces (POS). Methods A cross-sectional study with household surveys was conducted in 1,461 adults from Curitiba, Brazil interviewed in person. The perceived environment was evaluated with the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and the POS use was evaluated using the ordinal scale (increased use). Results The presence of interesting objects, heavy traffic, and the number of positive attributes of the environment was positively associated with POS use among men, and the presence of trees was associated with the use among women. Conclusions Managers should invest in the architectural attractiveness of neighborhoods and should plant and conserve trees to encourage POS use.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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