Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth (Bignoniaceae) is an attractive evergreen plant known as kusi urakame, koyawari, Palo amarillo, tronadora, yellow-elder, yellow trumpet bush, trumpet-flower, yellow-bells, trumpet bush, ginger-Thomas, esperanza, and timboco. It is widely used in traditional Mexican medicine, to treat hyperglycemia, gastrointestinal and urinary tract disorders, jaundice, toothaches, headaches, colds, skin infections, and scorpion, snake, and rat bites. Current research focusses on evaluating its bioactive components and therapeutic potential.
Aim of the study
The current article reviewed the information available on Tecoma stans ethnopharmacology, geographical distribution, chemical composition, phytochemistry, therapeutic effects, and toxicology.
Material and methods
Information of botanical description, distribution, traditional uses, chemical composition, bioactive components, and therapeutic investigations was gathered from a comprehensive literature search of electronic databases such as Science Direct, PubMed, Web of Science, Wiley, ACS, Springer, Taylor and Francis, Google Scholar, and SCOPUS until 2020 for publications (peer-reviewed articles, eBooks, short communications, reports from international organizations, and case letters). Information was also included from books, conference proceedings, and thesis. Primary keywords for data collection were “Tecoma stans,” and “Ethnopharmacology,” followed by secondary keywords such as “Constituents,” “Therapeutic effect,” and “Toxicity.” Results: An exhaustive comparative study of the accessible sources of Tecoma stans confirmed its origin, ethnopharmacological and therapeutic uses. More than 120 chemical compounds have been isolated, and the main active principles are alkaloids, phenolic acids, flavonoids, and fatty acids. The plant possesses vast therapeutic benefits, such as lowering elevated blood sugar levels, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, hepatoprotective, and wound healing actions.
Comprehensive literature analysis exhibits that many populations have utilized Tecoma stans around the globe with specific reference to different parts of Mexico. The above information shows that the plant holds many hidden potentials and can, therefore, be studied extensively for its phytoconstituents and therapeutic effects. However, while going through the literature, it was observed that incomplete data is reported on in vivo trials, especially concerning its dosage, positive and negative control groups, intervention time, and toxicity studies. Additionally, there is a lack of information on its complete nutritional and phytochemical profiling. We trust that this review will help lay the groundwork for encouraging pharmacological and pharmaceutical studies. It will also direct us to understand the clinical relevance and applications of bioactive compounds from Tecoma stans in the prevention and treatment of diseases.