Cartografía de las coberturas y usos del suelo de la Marina Baixa (Alicante) para 1956, 1978 y 2000

Investigaciones Geográficas 01/2005; 37. DOI: 10.14198/INGEO2005.37.08
Source: OAI


El estudio de las coberturas y usos del suelo y su variación a lo largo del tiempo obedece a gran cantidad de fines: estudios medioambientales, económicos, sociales, planificación territorial (infraestructuras, urbanismo o agrícola), estratégicos, etc., como fuente de información y de diagnóstico geográfico, asimismo constituye un elemento clave en la toma de decisiones. El análisis de la evolución de las coberturas y usos del suelo en el tiempo desde una perspectiva multidisciplinar en la Marina Baixa permite la evaluación de las políticas llevadas a cabo y la anticipación para la adecuada orientación de actuaciones futuras. En este sentido, se considera conveniente poner a punto una metodología de entrada y tratamiento de los datos espaciales, basada en la utilización de Sistemas de Información Geográfica (S.I.G.) y fotografía aérea. El presente trabajo trata de mostrar y cuantificar la cronosecuencia de las coberturas y usos de suelo de la comarca de la Marina Baixa, como resultado de la tarea de fotointerpretación y cartografiado, sin atender a las causas que la motivan o las consecuencias que implican. Próximos estudios dentro del mismo proyecto incurrirán en los efectos sobre la biodiversidad vegetal y los balances hídricos para el periodo estudiado. The study of variations through time in land cover and land use as sources of information and geographical diagnosis, is due to many different factors: environmental, economical, social territorial planning (infrastructure, urban or farming planning), strategic research etc., and thus is a key element for decision makers. The analysis of the evolution of land cover and land use through time from a multidisciplinary point of view in the Marina Baixa allows for the evaluation of implemented policy as well as the anticipation of future planning policies. To this effect, we have developed a methodology of spatial data input and management, based on the use of Geographical Information Systems (G.I.S.) and aerial photographs. The present work attempts to demonstrate and quantify land cover and land use chronosequence of the Marina Baixa region, using photo-interpretation and cartographic work, without assessing the causes that motivate land use changes or their consequences. Forthcoming studies within the same project will include in the effects of vegetal biodiversity and hydrological balances over the study period.

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