Psicología del sufrimiento y de la muerte

Article · January 1998with18 Reads
Source: OAI
    • "o talk about the end of life, express their fears, think about religious or existential questions or how to help the family or something that will help them when they die", at this point is when the clinical and health psychologist faces different emotional reactions of terminally ill patients, is the right time to show the potential of their work. Bayes (2001), presents a model of palliative intervention including as the first factor the identification of either biological, environmental or cognitive symptoms that are perceived as threats. Next step is to try to eliminate, offset or mitigate the symptoms, increasing attention on those symptoms that worry the patient and cause suffering. When "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has not been possible to control the advance of oncological diseases in developing countries, few are early detected and most of them go through debilitating treatments that at the end of the disease refers patients to the palliative care area. Nowadays, that is the place where most of the psychologist work. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of psychological intervention to patients at palliative care unit (National Cancer Institute Mexico). The analysis was performed with a sample collected in the period 2011-2013, integrated of 2472 patients; taking into account their diagnosis and the hospital area where they came from. It was found that the intervention of psychologists in the area of palliative care is limited, very short and late effectiveness. Patients who went to psychological consultation, 90% no longer presented to the fourth session and about 30% comes from the area of pre consultation with advanced stages of the disease. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a health tool that could benefit cancer patients, if that intervention was regulated throughout the entire treatment and not just by the end of it, as a support to patients.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2016
    • "Los síntomas, derivados de una enfermedad irreversible , deben requerir atención profesional o familiar, y pueden llevar a la muerte (Ostgathe y Voltz, 2010). En los últimos años, gracias al aumento de la conciencia y demanda social y al auge y desarrollo de los Cuidados Paliativos , que dan una atención multidisciplinar a los diferentes aspectos de la persona en los procesos de final de vida (Bayés, 2001; Pastrana, Jünger, Ostgathe, Elsner y Radbruch, 2008), están surgiendo debates sobre la calidad de la muerte y la necesidad de un mayor cuidado en la etapa final de la vida . En España, la atención paliativa de las personas no está aún generalizada, lo que conlleva que, por lo general, se muere mal (García-Caro et al., 2008a; 2008b ). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Psychologists are responsible for the emotional care to patients who are in end-of-life processes. Little is known about the experiences, the obstacles and problems they face when addressing such complex situations, so the main objective of this research is to understand and explore what they are. A qualitative phenomenological design was performed, using semi structured interviews, which were analyzed with the software Atlas.ti following an open coding. The sample consisted of 15 psychologists who perform their work in palliative care, other hospital units (oncology, mental health, emergency and early intervention) or privately involved in the province of Granada (Spain). The results show how psychologists contact with patients in end-of-life processes, as well as the variety of both positive and negative experiences in their speech. It is shown the existence of various obstacles that have to do with the timing of intervention, characteristics of the patient or family, with the emotions of the psychologist, as well as the health organization. This study shows how the feelings of the psychologists can influence their intervention, which raises the need for a specific training where they can learn different strategies.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013
    • "According to Bayés (2001 Bayés ( , 2006), we can consider three components in the grieving process: (a) a universal reaction to loss, in the sense that it is a facet which appears in all cultures, although its manifestations may be very different. (b) suffering, which may be associated with active behaviors of discomfort and with passive depression-like behavior. "
    Full-text · Chapter · Feb 2012 · Anales de Psicología
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