Problemes lies a la transhumance des animaux domestiques a travers les parcs nationaux

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... The development of agriculture in the two towns has generated new occupational groups in northern Benin in favor of an increase in the area sown to the detriment of grazing areas. Cattle were gradually converted to agriculture because of the population explosion that causes the scarcity of natural pasture from the point of view of its quantity and its quality and especially in the dry season between November and March (Djenontin et al. 2004; Sinsin and Heymans, 1998). This situation highlighted by the types obtained in northern Benin with use of crop residues is consistent with previous work in the study area and in Niger and Burkina Faso (Cervantes et al. 1986; Alkoiret et al. 2009; Hamadou et al. 2002; Morin et al. 2007). ...
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In the goal to characterize cattle farming and milk production in the north of Benin a typology of herd installed around Péhunco’s and Nikki’s creamery was made. Data were collected from a random sample farmers based on extension services’ lists. The survey was done with 146 cattle-breeders at Nikki and 139 at Péhunco which were in the official extension group. The principal composant analysis have identified four types of cattle-breeders called CB1 , CB2 , CB3 and CB4, differentiated by ethnicity, farming – cattle breeding integration, family’s skilled labor level, breeders’ training level, cattle phenotype, endogenous health knowledge, prophylaxis practice and food supplementation with crop residues. CB1,CB3 and CB4 were breeders who gave more importance to farming depend on cattle breeding. In return their small ruminants’ population increased. Typology allows to better understand the breeding systeme around creamery in Nikki and Péhunco.
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