Mini-incision Patellar Tendon Harvest and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Critical Bony Landmarks

Orthopaedic Associates of Aspen and Glenwood, 100 E. Main St., Aspen, CO 81611, USA.
Sports medicine and arthroscopy review (Impact Factor: 1.68). 12/2009; 17(4):234-41. DOI: 10.1097/JSA.0b013e3181c14760
Source: PubMed


Graft choice remains an area of contention in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Poorer cosmetic results and anterior knee pain remain a problem in the use of autologous patellar tendon grafts despite excellent clinical results when compared with autologous hamstring tendon grafts. Using a 2-incision technique to harvest the patellar tendon grafts has been shown to decrease the risk of anterior knee pain to a level comparable to hamstring tendon grafts. Proper graft tunnel placement and orientation also remain controversial with several recent researchers arguing the ability to perform an anatomic reconstruction using a conventional endoscopic transtibial technique. We will describe a relatively simple and cosmetically acceptable 2-incision technique for harvesting a bone-tendon-bone graft. In addition, we will describe the bony landmarks that should be used to ensure proper anatomic graft placement and the appropriate angles that need to be used for the tibial tunnel to drill the femoral tunnel in an anatomic position and carry out a successful endoscopic transtibial tunnel anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

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