Synthetic prostacycline agonist, ONO-1301, ameliorates left ventricular dysfunction and cardiac fibrosis in cardiomyopathic hamsters

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima-city, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie (Impact Factor: 2.02). 10/2009; 63(10):781-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2009.09.003
Source: PubMed


Impairment of cardiac function in cardiomyopathy has been postulated to be related to decreased blood flow and increased collagen synthesis. Administration of growth factors was reported to attenuate left ventricular (LV) remodeling and dysfunction in animal models of dilated cardiomyopathy. We previously reported that ONO-1301, a synthetic prostacyclin agonist with thromboxane-synthase inhibitory activity, promotes production of hepatocyte growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor from various cell types and ameliorate ischemia-induced LV dysfunction in mice and pigs. We evaluated therapeutic efficacy of ONO-1301 in the Syrian hamster (TO-2), a model of genetically determined dilated cardiomyopathy. Either vehicle or a slow releasing form of ONO-1301 (ONO-1301-PLGA, 10mg/kg/3 weeks) was administered subcutaneously every 3 weeks to TO-2 hamsters from 24 to 32 weeks of age (n=12 for each group). Age-matched F1B hamsters were used as a control. Plasma concentration of HGF was elevated in ONO-1301-PLGA group (p<0.05). Echocardiographic study demonstrated that LV fractional shortening was significantly improved in the ONO-1301-PLGA group (25+/-4%, p<0.01) compared with that in the vehicle group (19+/-2%). Cardiac fibrosis was significantly reduced by ONO-1301-PLGA (p<0.05) as determined by Azan-Mallory staining. Capillary density of left ventricle was markedly reduced in TO-2 hamsters. ONO-1301-PLGA significantly increased capillary density in TO-2 group (p<0.05). ONO-1301 improved LV dysfunction and reduced cardiac fibrosis in the hamster model of dilated cardiomyopathy. ONO-1301 might hold a therapeutic potential in the treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy.

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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated that mice disrupted with the cyclooxygenase-2 gene showed much more severe liver damage compared with wild-type mice after liver injury, and prostaglandins (PGs) such as PGE(1/2) and PGI(2) have decreased hepatic injury, but the mechanisms by which prostaglandins exhibit protective action on the liver have yet to be addressed. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of the protective action of PGI(2) using the synthetic IP receptor agonist ONO-1301. In primary cultures of hepatocytes and nonparenchymal liver cells, ONO-1301 did not show protective action directly on hepatocytes, whereas it stimulated expression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in nonparenchymal liver cells. In mice, peroral administration of ONO-1301 increased hepatic gene expression and protein levels of HGF. Injections of CCl4 induced acute liver injury in mice, but the onset of acute liver injury was strongly suppressed by administration of ONO-1301. The increases in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) by CCl4 were suppressed by 10 mg/kg ONO-1301 to 39.4 and 33.6%, respectively. When neutralizing antibody against HGF was administered with ONO-1301 and CCl4, the decreases by ONO-1301 in serum ALT and AST, apoptotic liver cells, and expansion of necrotic areas in liver tissue were strongly reversed by neutralization of endogenous HGF. These results indicate that ONO-1301 increases expression of HGF and that hepatoprotective action of ONO-1301 in CCl4-induced liver injury may be attributable to its activity to induce expression of HGF, at least in part. The potential for involvement of HGF-Met-mediated signaling in the hepatotrophic action of endogenous prostaglandins generated by injury-dependent cyclooxygenase-2 induction is considerable.
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