Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 5 Activity in the Nucleus Accumbens Is Required for the Maintenance of Ethanol Self-Administration in a Rat Genetic Model of High Alcohol Intake

Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.
Biological psychiatry (Impact Factor: 10.26). 11/2009; 67(9):812-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.09.016
Source: PubMed


Systemic modulation of Group I and II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) regulate ethanol self-administration in a variety of animal models. Although these receptors are expressed in reward-related brain regions, the anatomical specificity of their functional involvement in ethanol self-administration remains to be characterized. This study sought to evaluate the functional role of Group I (mGluR5) and Group II (mGluR2/3) in mesocorticolimbic brain regions in ethanol self-administration.
Alcohol-preferring (P) rats, a genetic model of high alcohol drinking, were trained to self-administer ethanol (15% v/v) versus water in operant conditioning chambers. Effects of brain site-specific infusion of the mGluR5 antagonist 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine hydrochloride (MPEP) and the mGluR2/3 agonist were then assessed on the maintenance of self-administration.
Microinjection of the mGluR5 antagonist MPEP in the nucleus accumbens reduced ethanol self-administration at a dose that did not alter locomotor activity. By contrast, infusion of the mGluR2/3 agonist LY379268 in the nucleus accumbens reduced self-administration and produced nonspecific reductions in locomotor activity. The mGluR5 involvement showed anatomical specificity as evidenced by lack of effect of MPEP infusion in the dorsomedial caudate or medial prefrontal cortex on ethanol self-administration. To determine reinforcer specificity, P-rats were trained to self-administer sucrose (.4% w/v) versus water, and effects of intra-accumbens MPEP were tested. The MPEP did not alter sucrose self-administration or motor behavior.
These results suggest that mGluR5 activity specifically in the nucleus accumbens is required for the maintenance of ethanol self-administration in individuals with genetic risk for high alcohol consumption.

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    • "One potential pharmacotherapeutic target is the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5). Inhibition of mGluR5 signaling using the antagonist 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) reduced the rewarding effects of EtOH in animal models of EtOH drinking as well as during self-administration and reinstatement (B€ ackstr€ om et al., 2004; Besheer et al., 2010; Hodge et al., 2006; Lominac et al., 2006; McMillen et al., 2005; Olive et al., 2005; Schroeder et al., 2005). When locally infused into the nucleus accumbens (NAc), MPEP significantly decreased binge EtOH consumption (Cozzoli et al., 2009, 2012). "
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