Conference Report: Seventh Annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.
Cancer Prevention Research (Impact Factor: 4.44). 11/2009; 2(11):995-8. DOI: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-09-0128
Source: PubMed


In November, 2008 the AACR held the Seventh Annual Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research meeting in Washington, DC. At this meeting, a wide range of cutting-edge cancer prevention research was presented. This summary highlights some of the most impactful presentations with a focus on the interaction between inflammation, infections, the immune system, and tumor microenvironment in promoting cancer. Several of these presentations described targeting host-tumor interactions as a means for cancer prevention. As discussed below, this meeting continues to represent all phases of cancer prevention research including epidemiologic studies, behavioral and lifestyle interventions, carcinogenesis research, preclinical studies testing novel preventive interventions, and the results of early- and late-phase cancer prevention trials. Major advances presented at the 2008 meeting included studies showing that immune cells can be either protumorigenic or antitumorigenic, efforts to develop more comprehensive human papillomavirus vaccines to more effectively prevent cervical cancer and other human papillomavirus-related cancers, controversial studies of vitamin D and cancer risk, and studies of single-nucleotide polymorphisms to better assess cancer risk. These and the other presentations at this meeting continue to provide strong support for the concept that cancer will be most effectively controlled by applying modern cancer prevention strategies.

Download full-text


Available from: Carolyn Heckman
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human T-cell leukemia virus-1 (HTLV-1) causes adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, which is an aggressive peripheral T-cell neoplasm. Insufficient T-cell response to HTLV-1 is a potential risk factor in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. Efficient induction of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes is important for immunological suppression of virus-infected cell proliferation and oncogenesis, but efficient induction of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes has evaded strategies utilizing poorly immunogenic free synthetic peptides. Here, we examined the efficient induction of an HTLV-1-specific CD8+ T-cell response by oligomannose-coated liposomes (OMLs) encapsulating the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*0201-restricted HTLV-1 Tax-epitope (OML/Tax). Immunization of HLA-A*0201 transgenic mice with OML/Tax induced an HTLV-1-specific gamma-interferon reaction, whereas immunization with epitope peptide alone induced no reaction. Upon exposure of dendritic cells to OML/Tax, the levels of CD86, major histocompatibility complex class I, HLA-A02 and major histocompatibility complex class II expression were increased. In addition, our results showed that HTLV-1-specific CD8+ T cells can be efficiently induced by OML/Tax from HTLV-1 carriers compared with epitope peptide alone, and these HTLV-1-specific CD8+ T cells were able to lyse cells presenting the peptide. These results suggest that OML/Tax is capable of inducing antigen-specific cellular immune responses without adjuvants and may be useful as an effective vaccine carrier for prophylaxis in tumors and infectious diseases by substituting the epitope peptide.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · FEBS Journal
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Platinum agents have shown demonstrable activity in the treatment of patients with platinum resistant, recurrent ovarian cancer when delivered in a "dose-dense" fashion. However, the development of thrombocytopenia limits the weekly administration of carboplatin to no greater than AUC 2. Paclitaxel has a well-described platelet sparing effect however its use to explicitly provide thromboprotection in the context of dose dense carboplatin has not been explored. We treated seven patients with platinum resistant ovarian cancer who had previously received paclitaxel or who had developed significant peripheral neuropathy precluding the use of further full dose weekly paclitaxel. We were able to deliver carboplatin AUC 3 and paclitaxel 20 mg/m2 with no thrombocytopenia or worsening of neuropathic side-effects, and with good activity. We conclude that this regimen may be feasible and active, and could be formally developed as a "platinum-focussed dose-dense scaffold" into which targeted therapies that reverse platinum resistance can be incorporated, and merits further evaluation.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · BMC Cancer