Selection of escape mutation by Pol154-162-specific cytotoxic T cells among chronically HIV-1-infected HLA-B*5401-positive individuals
Division of Viral Immunology, Centers for AIDS Research, Kumamoto University, 2-2-1 Honjo, Kumamoto 860-0811, Japan. Human immunology
(Impact Factor: 2.14).
11/2009; 71(2):123-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.humimm.2009.10.015
Most escape mutations have been identified on cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes presented by Caucasian or African human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles, whereas a limited number of studies have identified the escape mutations on epitopes presented by Asian alleles. HLA-B54 is a common HLA allele in Asian countries. We recently identified five HLA-B*5401-restricted HIV-1-specific CTL epitopes. We here investigated escape mutations in these CTL epitopes in Japanese HIV-1-infected individuals. The frequency of substitution from Glu (E) to Asp (D) at position 7 (FV9-7D) in the Pol 154-162 (FV9) epitope was significantly higher in HLA-B*5401(+) HIV-infected individuals than in HLA-B*5401(-) individuals, whereas substitutions that were significantly higher in HLA-B*5401(+) individuals than in HLA-B*5401(-) individuals were not found in the other four epitopes. FV9-specific CTLs showed reduced killing activity against target cells pulsed with the FV9-7D mutant peptide and failed to kill those infected with the FV9-7D mutant virus, strongly suggesting that FV9-7D is an escape mutant. Furthermore, longitudinal sequence analysis of the FV9 epitope in two HLA-B*5401(+) individuals revealed that the sequence had changed from the wild type to the FV9-7D during the clinical course. Taken together, these results indicate that the FV9-7D escape mutant had been selected by FV9-specific CTLs among chronically HIV-1-infected HLA-B*5401(+) individuals.
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ABSTRACT: HIV-1 mutants escaping from HLA-A- or HLA-B-restricted CTL have been well studied, but those from HLA-C-restricted CTL have not. Therefore we investigated the ability of HLA-C-restricted CTL to select HIV-1 escape mutants. In the present study, we identified two novel HLA-Cw(*) 1202-restricted Pol-specific CTL epitopes (Pol328-9 and Pol463-10). CTL specific for these epitopes were detected in 25-40% of chronically HIV-1-infected HLA-Cw(*) 1202(+) individuals and had strong abilities to kill HIV-1-infected cells and to suppress HIV-1 replication in vitro, suggesting that these CTL may have the ability to effectively control HIV-1 in some HLA-Cw(*) 1202(+) individuals. Sequence analysis of these epitopes showed that a V-to-A substitution at the 9th position (V9A) of Pol 463-10 was significantly associated with the HLA-Cw(*) 1202 allele and that the V9A mutant was slowly selected in the HLA-Cw(*) 1202(+) individuals. Pol 463-10-specific CTL failed both to kill the V9A virus-infected cells and to suppress replication of the V9A mutant. These results indicate that the V9A mutation was selected as an escape mutant by the Pol463-10-specific CTL. The present study strongly suggests that some HLA-C-restricted CTL have a strong ability to suppress HIV-1 replication so that they can select HIV escape mutants as in the case of HLA-A-restricted or HLA-B-restricted CTL.
Available from: Tomohiro Akahoshi
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ABSTRACT: It is known that overlapping HIV-1 peptides of different lengths can be presented by a given HLA class I molecule. However, the role of those peptides in CD8(+) T cells recognition of HIV-1-infected cells remains unclear. Here we investigated the recognition of overlapping 8-mer to 11-mer peptides of Pol 155-165 by HLA-B*54:01-restricted CD8(+) T cells. The analysis of ex vivo T cells using ELISPOT and tetramer binding assays showed that there were different patterns of CD8(+) T-cell responses to these peptides among chronically HIV-1-infected HLA-B*54:01(+) individuals, though the response to the 9-mer peptide was the strongest among them. CD8(+) T-cell clones with TCRs specific for the 9-mer, 10-mer, and/or 11-mer peptides effectively killed HIV-1-infected cells. Together, these results suggest that the 9-mer and 10-mer peptides could be predominantly presented by HLA-B*54:01, though it remains possible that the 11-mer peptide was also presented by this HLA allele. The present study demonstrates effective CD8(+) T-cell recognition of HIV-1-infected cells via presentation of multiple overlapping HIV-1 peptides and cross-recognition by the CD8(+) T cells.
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