Article

Nondaily and Social Smoking An Increasingly Prevalent Pattern

Department of Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-1390, USA.
Archives of internal medicine (Impact Factor: 17.33). 10/2009; 169(19):1742-4. DOI: 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.315
Source: PubMed
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    • "This is not a general rule, however, because biological factors interact with individual preferences and social factors. Indeed, smokers tend to crave for smoking more when they are eating than in other situational correlates (Dunbar et al., 2010) and there exists a category of smokers that accounts for about one fourth of the market, the so-called social smokers, who smoke primarily in social contexts, such as in bars, parties, restaurants, celebrations and in presence of others (Debevec and Diamond, 2012; Schane et al., 2009). 3 Moreover, heavy smokers are more likely to be obese. "
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    ABSTRACT: The debate on tobacco and fat taxes often treats smoking and eating as independent behaviors. However, the available evidence shows that they are interdependent, which implies that policies against smoking or obesity may have larger scope than expected. To address this issue, we propose a dynamic rational model where eating, smoking, and physical exercise are simultaneous choices that jointly affect body weight and addiction to smoking. Focusing on direct and cross-price effects, we study the impact of tobacco and food taxes, and we show that in both cases a single policy tool can reduce both smoking and body weight
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Health Economics
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    • "One study followed non-daily smokers for 13 years (to age 21), finding that 26% continued to be non-daily smokers, 17% became daily smokers, and 57% no longer smoked (Kvaavik et al., 2014). Others have drawn attention to occasional smoking (e.g., Schane et al., 2009), but we wanted to explore systematic changes in relation to monthly smoking and ever smoking. If over the years monthly smoking was becoming more associated with heavier, daily smoking, this would be a " hardening " of smoking as an addiction; if monthly smoking was becoming more associated with lighter and non-daily smoking, this would be a " softening " of smoking as an addictive activity. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess changes in monthly smoking in its relationship to daily smoking and heavier smoking in high school seniors. Public health agencies often report only "current use" of cigarettes among youth as any use in the past 30. days, even though additional measures are collected. Monthly use is a crude and changing indicator. Methods: Results from 1975 to 2013 from Monitoring The Future Project were plotted and analyzed by linear regression. Results: From 1975 to 2013, the percentage of monthly smokers who smoked daily decreased by 29% (21.2 percentage points) and monthly smokers who smoked 10. + cigarettes/day dropped by 57% (28 percentage points); the percentage of daily smokers who smoked 10. + cigarettes/day decreased by 40% (26.5 percentage points). Conclusion: Additional measures of frequency and intensity of use of cigarettes and other tobacco/nicotine products need to be more regularly reported. These results indicate softening rather than hardening of "current smoking" and have important implications for tobacco surveillance and for tobacco research because of a) increased likelihood of quitting smoking, b) health effects of cigarette smoking, and c) similar and interacting issues related to measuring the use of all tobacco/nicotine products.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014
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    • "Given that emerging adulthood is a vulnerable period for smoking initiation (Chen & Jacques-Tiura, 2014) and transition to heavier smoking (Riggs, Chou, Li, & Pentz, 2007), it is important to understand patterns of less heavy smoking, including social smoking, in this population that may be less susceptible to public health or cessation messages. Nondaily smoking is an increasingly common pattern among emerging adults who may be initiating smoking (Schane, Glantz, & Ling, 2009), and has been known to persist throughout young adulthood for some smokers (Riggs et al., 2007). Social smokers tend not to smoke alone (Gilpin, White, & Pierce, 2005;Levinson et al., 2007;Moran, Wechsler, & Rigotti, 2004;White, Bray, Fleming, & Catalano, 2009), and restrict their use to social situations such as parties, bars, or nightclubs (Kenford et al., 2005;Levinson et al., 2007;Moran et al., 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Social smoking is an increasingly common pattern among emerging adults. Although distinct patterns have emerged between social smokers and non-social smokers, there is discrepancy about how to define the construct, with inconsistencies between self-identified social smoking and behavioral social smoking. We report prevalence and correlates of young adult smokers who self-identify and behave as social smokers (SELF + BEH), self-identified non-behavioral social smokers (SELF-ONLY), and non-social smokers (NON-SOCIAL).
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Nicotine & Tobacco Research
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