Budd-Chiari Syndrome Complicating Hepatic Sarcoidosis: Definitive Treatment by Liver Transplantation: A Case Report
Department of Pathology, CHU de Liège, University of Liège, B4000 Liège, Belgium.Transplantation Proceedings (Impact Factor: 0.98). 10/2009; 41(8):3432-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.09.021
Sarcoidotic involvement of the liver is frequent, albeit uncommonly symptomatic. Severe complications are rare, but may seldom require liver transplantation. Budd-Chiari syndrome has been described in a few patients with hepatic sarcoidosis. Herein we have reported the case of a young woman suffering from hepatic sarcoidosis who developed severe cholestasis and chronic Budd-Chiari syndrome. She successfully underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and is asymptomatic with normal liver function at 3 years follow-up. Histopathological assessment of the liver explant demonstrated a florid granulomatous process, with involvement of the large intrahepatic veins, providing an anatomical basis for the vascular flow disturbances. This case adds further evidence that liver transplantation may be the curative treatment for complicated sarcoidotic liver disease.
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ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis may affect functional outcome and sometimes may be a life-threatening condition. Functional outcome is particularly compromised by cutaneous, ocular, nasal, osteoarticular manifestations and some neurological expression. Central nervous system involvement and cardiac sarcoidosis could be life-threatening, as laryngeal and renal involvement. Diagnosis is sometimes very difficult to obtain. Several tissue biopsies are usually necessary to rule out all differential diagnosis. Extrathoracic manifestations of severe sarcoidosis require a corticosteroid therapy, initiated, if life-threatening at a daily dose of 1 mg/kg, usually associated with an other immunosuppressive drug (methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, anti TNFα).
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ABSTRACT: Hepatic sarcoidosis is a rare indication for liver transplantation. Using the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS)/Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) database, we evaluated patient and graft survival after orthotopic liver transplantation for sarcoidosis between October 1987 and December 2007. We assessed the potential prognostic value of multiple demographic and clinical variables, and we also compared these patients to a case-matched group of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) or primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). The 1- and 5-year survival rates for the sarcoidosis group were 78% and 61%, respectively, and these rates were significantly worse than the rates for the PSC/PBC group (P = 0.001). Disease recurrence in the liver is a rare cause of graft loss or patient death. Three deaths occurred in the sarcoidosis group because of recurrent hepatic sarcoidosis, and 1 death was a result of cardiac sarcoidosis. A univariate analysis identified an increasing donor risk index as a significant negative factor for outcomes for the sarcoidosis group [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.06, confidence interval (CI) = 1.04-4.06, P = 0.037], but this finding was not found in a multivariate analysis, in which no independent predictors were found to have a significant impact. A case-matched univariate analysis demonstrated that sarcoidosis and morbid obesity were significant negative factors for outcomes, and in a multivariate analysis, sarcoidosis continued to predict worse outcomes (HR = 2.39, CI = 1.21-4.73, P = 0.012). In conclusion, an analysis of the UNOS/OPTN database indicates that the patient and allograft survival rates for hepatic sarcoidosis are satisfactory, but they are worse in comparison with the rates for other cholestatic liver diseases.
Article: Granulomatous Diseases of the Liver
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