Safety and Tolerability of Solifenacin Add-on Therapy to α-Blocker Treated Men With Residual Urgency and Frequency

Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York 10065-4805, USA.
The Journal of urology (Impact Factor: 4.47). 12/2009; 182(6):2825-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2009.08.023
Source: PubMed


VICTOR was a 12-week, double-blind, placebo controlled trial assessing the safety and tolerability of solifenacin plus tamsulosin in men with residual overactive bladder symptoms after tamsulosin monotherapy. Efficacy of solifenacin plus tamsulosin vs placebo plus tamsulosin was also evaluated.
A total of 398 men 45 years old or older were randomized to 12 weeks of solifenacin plus tamsulosin or placebo plus tamsulosin once daily. The study population had 8 or more micturitions per 24 hours and 1 or more urgency episode per 24 hours after taking tamsulosin for 4 or more weeks, a total International Prostate Symptom Score of 13 or greater, a Patient Perception of Bladder Condition score of 3 or greater, a post-void residual of 200 ml or less and a peak flow rate of 5 ml per second or greater. Adverse events were monitored throughout the study. The primary efficacy end point was mean change from baseline to week 12 in micturitions per 24 hours. Secondary measures included mean change in urgency episodes per 24 hours, and changes in Patient Perception of Bladder Condition, Urgency Perception Scale and total International Prostate Symptom Scores.
The most frequent adverse events in the solifenacin plus tamsulosin and placebo plus tamsulosin groups were dry mouth (7% and 3%, respectively) and dizziness (3% and 2%, respectively). Of the patients on solifenacin plus tamsulosin 7 (3%) reported retention and 3 required catheterization. No patients on placebo plus tamsulosin reported retention. Patients on solifenacin plus tamsulosin vs placebo plus tamsulosin showed larger reductions in frequency but not of statistical significance (-1.05 vs -0.67, p = 0.135). However, patients on solifenacin plus tamsulosin vs placebo plus tamsulosin did show statistically significant reductions in urgency (-2.18 vs -1.10, p <0.001). Patient reported outcome measures showed no significant between group differences.
Solifenacin plus tamsulosin was well tolerated. There was a low incidence of urinary retention requiring catheterization. At week 12 solifenacin plus tamsulosin decreased daily micturitions and urgency episodes. Only urgency reached statistical significance vs placebo plus tamsulosin.

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    • "In Kaplan's study15, patients were randomised to two groups after taking 0.4 mg tamsulosin per day for 4 weeks. The intervention group consisted of 202 patients who were treated with 0.4 mg tamsulosin plus 5 mg solifenacin, and the control group consisted of 195 patients who were treated with the same dose of solifenacin plus placebo. "
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    ABSTRACT: Alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists (alpha-blockers) are widely prescribed to treat lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men but fail to ameliorate LUTS sufficiently, especially the storage symptoms related to frequency, urgency and nocturia. We performed a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing an alpha-blocker plus muscarinic antagonist with an alpha-blocker alone in male LUTS patients who were treated with alpha-blocker prior to randomisation. The review contained six randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that included a total of 2,208 male patients who were randomised to receive alpha-blocker plus muscarinic antagonist or alpha-blocker alone. The add-on group experienced significantly greater improvement in both total IPSS (International Prostate Symptom Score) and storage IPSS. Adverse events (AEs) were commonly experienced by both groups (41.6 vs. 33.3%) though they were not severe. Our meta-analysis indicated that muscarinic antagonists as add-on therapy alleviate LUTS, especially storage symptoms. The add-on therapy demonstrated safety and tolerability comparable with alpha-blocker monotherapy in male with LUTS.
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