El Teorema Heckscher-Ohlin de las tablas input-output de la Unión Europea

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La publicació de les taules input-output dels països de la Unió Europea (UE) permet verificar el teorema Heckscher-Ohlin (HO) amb taules homogènies elaborades amb metodologia i unitat de compte comunes. Aquest paper mostra que utilitzant les dotacions domèstiques per a calcular el contingut de factor de importacions, només el 34 per cent dels casos es comporta segons els resultats esperats sota HO. Si més no, el contingut de factor de importacions es calculat usant la dotació de factor del grup de païssos de subministrament, aquests augments de porcentatge al 86 per cent. Aquest resultat desafia l'asumpció d'analogia tecnològica entre industries The availability of Input-Output statistics on all European Union (EU) allows contrasting the Heckscher-Ohlin theorem (HO). This paper shows that using the domestic endowments to calculate the factor content of imports, only 34 percent of the cases behave according to the expected results under HO. However, if factor content of imports is calculated using the factor endowment of the group of supply countries, this percentage increases to 86 percent. This result challenges the assumption of technological analogy between industries.

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The objective of this research is to examine some of the theories of competitiveness and technological innovation that allow wine companies to develop internationalization strategies in the current framework of economic globalization. The implementation of these strategic decisions not only requires research efforts, but it also requires the participation of the collaborative network of the segments related to productive infrastructures. In Mexico, the wine sector presents a growth perspective due in part to the differentiation and expansion of the markets, but it also presents challenges of product offer, financing for the growth of the company and government policies such as the reduction of taxes that would allow the sector increase competitiveness. The methodology of this study is of an exploratory descriptive nature, since it aims to serve as theoretical support so that companies have the information that allows them to design the necessary internationalization strategies to have a dominant market share presence at the national and international level. The contribution of the qualitative analysis of this work lies in the dissemination of information on the subject, the debate of the concepts and the development of these competences; both at the business and academic level.
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