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Calcul des propriétés structurales et électroniques d'agrégats de métaux alcalins

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We present pseudopotential local-spin-density calculations of the static electric polarizability of sodium dimers and trimers and their respective cations. The electronic polarizabilities are obtained from self-consistent calculations in the presence of an external electric field, which is kept sufficiently small to avoid non-linear effects. The calculated polarizability tensor has a strong anisotropy directly related to the geometric and electronic structures of the molecules, the anisotropy being larger for the neutral clusters. The polarizabilities are averaged over the vibrational motion and rotations of the aggregates in order to be compared with the experimental measurements. The obtained values show an improvement in the agreement with experiment with respect to the values calculated in the spherical approximation.
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