Differences in habitat continuity and predators have been posited as explanations for higher rates of terrestrial locomotion in Bornean compared to Sumatran orangutans. However, it is unclear whether greater terrestriality in Bornean orangutans is due to recent environmental changes to their habitats. Orangutan skeletons collected a century ago may shed new light on this question as habitat continuity on both islands would have been greater in the past. In this study, cross-sectional geometry ratios were calculated for orangutans from CT scans. Both orangutan taxa show significantly less relative leg-to- arm strength than all gorillas, even those that climb the most (i.e., western lowland gorillas and infant mountain gorillas). Moreover, Bornean orangutans display limb bone strength proportions that are consistent with more terrestriality than their Sumatran counterparts. Thus, recent habitat discontinuity in Borneo does not explain greater terrestriality in Bornean orangutans, as also suggested by camera trap data, and is most likely due to the absence of tigers on Borneo.