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Systemic Family Constellations and their use with prisoners serving long-term sentences for murder or rape

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  • Fresh Pond Research Institute

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... Hunger et al., por su parte, hacen referencia a la utilización de un manual basado en sus propias observaciones y entrevistas con pioneros de las CF, dicho manual explica cómo se debe realizar el proceso, donde monitoreaban y calificaban la ocurrencia de cada procedimiento estandarizado, sin embargo, no se pudo calcular dicha medida de una manera más fiable como a través del índice de Kappa (2013Kappa ( , 2014. Cohen (2008) refiere, como limitación metodológica de su estudio, que la información recabada fue de cuestionarios archivados y recuerdos del investigador por lo que los datos no pudieron ser categorizados. Por el contrario, Mayer y Viviers (2016) explican que los facilitadores sudafricanos se refieren a las CF como un proceso basado en la fenomenología y creencia ancestral, lo que torna difícil la aplicación de un proceso de control. ...
... En contraste, Stiefel et al. (2002) advierten que dado el trasfondo religioso de Hellinger, su terapia se ocupa de procesos que están más allá del espectro de la psicoterapia tradicional, abordando solamente procesos de la experiencia inmediata. también, Talarczyky (2011) llega a la conclusión de que la aplicación de CF no es psicoterapia pues carece de componentes básicos establecidos en la misma, además de resaltar los enunciados de la Asociación Sistémica en Alemania quienes promulgan que equiparar el trabajo de constelaciones con la terapia sistémica no sólo es incorrecto sino engañoso, y puede tornarse riesgoso tanto para la teoría sistémica como para el paciente, además, en cuanto al criterio de que si existe una búsqueda de comentarios críticos o la opinión de otros actores del campo, Cohen (2008) cuestiona la validez de la CF y otras terapias en problemas crónicos al plantearse como una forma efectiva de intervención con gran carga emocional de una sola sesión. ...
... En cuanto al criterio de si existe apertura hacia nuevas hipótesis y métodos. Cohen (2008) propone que las construcciones reveladas en CF se podrían convalidar frente a recientes descubrimientos en la neurociencia cognitiva, y llegar a ofrecer un modelo teórico que pudiera resolver elementos aparentemente inexplicables. Oponiéndose a lo anterior McQuillin y Welford (2013) delimitan que el objetivo de toda constelación se centra en los principios de orden propuestos por Hellinger. ...
Article
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La búsqueda de efectividad para los procesos psicoterapéuticos destaca la necesidad de abordar, desde una perspectiva científica, aquellos modelos que se encuentran en el margen de la Psicología. La práctica de constelaciones familiares, impulsada en el trabajo de Bert Hellinger, implica procedimientos a veces asociados a la labor psicoterapéutica. Por esto, resultó pertinente elaborar una revisión crítica de la literatura internacional actualizada de 21 artículos de interés publicados sobre la temática, principalmente aquellos centrados en su procedimiento y efectividad como recurso de curación. La información obtenida fue revisada a través de los postulados ontológicos de la epistemología de Bunge sobre la realidad científica. A partir de las investigaciones, cuantitativas y cualitativas, no se encontraron resultados concluyentes respecto a su efectividad, esto asociado a carencias metodológicas y teóricas, además de evidenciarse conflictos en su relación con la Psicología y Psicoterapia, principalmente en sus supuestas bases de carácter sistémico y fenomenológico.
... CW is based on and strongly associated with Bert Hellinger's "Familien-Stellen" ("family constellation"), a specific form of CW (Hellinger et al. 1998). Bert Hellinger, a German psychotherapist, developed his concepts of CW during his sixteen years of life in Kwa-Zulu-Natal, South Africa where he worked as a missionary (Cohen 2008). CW deals with the unconscious image of a person's view on his/her family, the impact of traumatic experiences within families and its consequences on family members in previous, present and future generations (Mayer and Viviers 2015b). ...
... In CW, spirituality might be part of the CW processes (Mason Boring 2004;Mayer andViviers 2014a, 2015b;Van Kampenhout 2003. The move from the unconscious towards the conscious being and the aspect of transgenerational healing (Cohen 2008;Payne 2005;Schneider 2007;Ulsamer 2005) is important in CW processes. Accessing the unconscious, the process of becoming conscious does not seem to be particularly important with regard to Zulu family concepts in ritual work. ...
... In the Zulu culture, family rituals are usually conducted within a family with family members and near the homestead (Abraham 1962). In CW, representatives who do not belong to the family system are chosen to represent selected family members (Cohen 2008). CW is mainly conducted with representatives who do not know the family members of the client (Petersen 2007). ...
... CW is based on and strongly associated with Bert Hellinger's "Familien-Stellen" ("family constellation"), a specific form of CW (Hellinger et al. 1998). Bert Hellinger, a German psychotherapist, developed his concepts of CW during his sixteen years of life in Kwa-Zulu-Natal, South Africa where he worked as a missionary (Cohen 2008). CW deals with the unconscious image of a person's view on his/her family, the impact of traumatic experiences within families and its consequences on family members in previous, present and future generations (Mayer and Viviers 2015b). ...
... In CW, spirituality might be part of the CW processes (Mason Boring 2004;Mayer andViviers 2014a, 2015b;Van Kampenhout 2003. The move from the unconscious towards the conscious being and the aspect of transgenerational healing (Cohen 2008;Payne 2005;Schneider 2007;Ulsamer 2005) is important in CW processes. Accessing the unconscious, the process of becoming conscious does not seem to be particularly important with regard to Zulu family concepts in ritual work. ...
... In the Zulu culture, family rituals are usually conducted within a family with family members and near the homestead (Abraham 1962). In CW, representatives who do not belong to the family system are chosen to represent selected family members (Cohen 2008). CW is mainly conducted with representatives who do not know the family members of the client (Petersen 2007). ...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to reflect on constellation work (CW) as a therapeutic intervention method and its commonalities and differences with Zulu cultural concepts. It has been stated that Bert Hellinger, a pioneer in CW, developed this intervention method whilst being inspired by the Zulu culture in South Africa where he worked for 16 years as a missionary. The connections, commonalities and differences have never been explored in-depth. The paper endeavours to fill the gap in understanding the connection of Zulu cultural concepts and CW. The analysis shows similarities and differences in terms of values, cultural concepts, the acknowledgement of life, relationships with ancestors and family members and healing rituals within CW and Zulu culture. CW seems to be an adequate transcultural intervention method to contribute to healing, therapeutic work and understanding of systemic family constructs across cultures, not only in South Africa, but also abroad.
... Similarly, the modern human has lost touch with his/her inherent "indigenous sensibilities", "mode(s) of perception and sensing capabilities that kept them in a flow of intelligible communication with the nonhuman an as well as the human world" (Ward, 2005, p.iii). These exclusions seem to mirror an internal disconnection in the Western psyche and a separation from our inner nature that has destructiveness of self, other and earth as its consequence (Cohen, 2009;Ward, 2005). The denigration and undervaluing of the feminine and colonisation of the indigenous by the intellect has a long history in the collective consciousness, not only in the West. ...
... At my first international intensive, I knew I had found my dissertation topic, and my life's work—Bert Hellinger had created systemic family constellations—I needed to go no further. Although to date there had been only one other PhD in the United States, with an emphasis on family constellations (Cohen, 2008), dozens of books have been written describing constellations from various angles and perspectives. I wanted to do something different. ...
Research
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This is a completed doctoral dissertation that has been approved for publication by ProQuest--this is the final PDF. it is a survey of the literature on Epigenetic Research with a concentration on the Transgenerational Transmission of Trauma.
... The Constellations process simulates the intricacies, complexities, and interconnections within dynamic relationships reaching beyond the known (Cohen, 2009;Horn & Brick, 2005). Constellations is work that enables the systemic patterning across multiple generations to be revealed, acknowledged, and energetically shifted in the individual bringing ecology to the whole (Boszormenyi-Nagy, 1973;Hellinger, 2001). ...
Article
BACKGROUND: Systemic Constellations Work (SCW) is a non-conventional method of dealing with organizational development and change that has been gaining popularity since the 1990s. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to understand how kinesthetic and spatial sensations gained through SCW translate into knowledge with a particular focus on the longer-term organizational effects. METHODS: We performed semi-structured interviews and used triangulation of sources (constellator and clients) and methods (inductive, deductive coding and ethnographic approach). RESULTS: The study identified a phase model of SCW process revolving around organizational trauma enmeshed in the context of personal, organizational and social systemic fields. CONCLUSIONS: The results imply that SCW is a valid method of trauma healing and prevention.
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The subject of this paper is the implementation of family constellations by Bert Hellinger in work with clients with special emphasis on victims of physical and sexual violence. Although extremely popular in Europe and the world it has not been presented in Serbian scientific literature. As the approach has been developed in Germany as an answer to the situation where a significant part of population was a victim or perpetrator of violence during the Second World War causing suffering not only to them, but also to their offsprings, it offers a special contribution to the work with victims of violence. The aims of the paper are the presentation and analysis of the implementation of family constellations by Bert Hellinger and their effects generally in work with clients as well as with victims of physical and sexual violence. The technique of family constellations based on systemic and phenomenological approach is presented and discussed. Work is in the group, where participants form the circle and person who seeks problem resolution invites representatives - persons who are crucial for problem solution previously agreed with constellation facilitator - constellator. The constellator communicate with the representatives, encouraging them to express feelings, sensations and movement that will facilitate progress towards finding the optimal solution. The basic theoretical concepts are also analysed, including two types of conscience (individual and family), three basic principles of orders of love (principle of equal right to belong, principle of balance between giving and taking and principle of order) and three levels of the soul (individual, family and great soul). The approach to overcoming consequences of violence on victims of physical violence and incest through symbolic interconnecting with the perpetrator is analysed. When it is applied to violence the victim has an opportunity to get a more comprehensive understanding and to experience an alternative solution that could generate impulse for overcoming the violence. A frequent solution is that the perpetrator takes responsibility and expresses guilt for the deed and suffers together with the victim. That enables the victim to accept and overcome the effects of the violence. This solution is also useful in overcoming consequences of incest because it enables the victim to accept the perpetrator as a member of family. The victim could also have an insight into the role of other family members and significant others, accept it and find a better place in the family for himself/herself. This approach causes different reaction with public with its focus on reparation instead on retribution even in such a difficult issue as incest. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations have documented the positive effects of family constellations on problem solving and social relations of both active and observing participants. Further systematic researches of constellations’ effects on victims of violence and comparative studies with other therapeutic approaches are needed. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 47021: Rodna ravnopravnost i kultura građanskog statusa - Istorijska i teorijska utemeljenja u Srbiji]
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