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الآية السابعة والثلاثون من سورة القيامة- إعادة تحليلها لغوياً وتفسيرها

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Abstract

تقدم هذه الورقة تفسيراً جديداً للآية السابعة والثلاثين من سورة القيامة، قال تعالى: "أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِّن مَّنِيٍّ يُمْنَى". يستند هذا التفسير إلى فهم جديد للآية الكريمة وكذلك للعلاقات النحوية بين كلماتها. ويستند كذلك إلى تحليل لغوي للخصائص الصرفية والاشتقاقية والدلالية لكلمات هذه الآية وغيرها من الآيات المرتبطة بهذا الموضوع. ويقود هذا التحليل إلى فهم كلمة "يُمْنَى" على أنها صفة بصيغة التأنيث ترتبط بالاسم المؤنث "نطفة"، بخلاف الفهم السائد، والذي يقول بأنّ "يُمْنَى" فعل مبنٍ للمجهول يرتبط بالاسم المذكر "مَّنِيٍّ". تقدم الورقة جملة من الأدلة والقرائن التي تدعم الطرح الجديد، بعضها من القرآن والسنة. ومن هذه الأدلة ما يعتمد على فهم جديد لبعض الآيات القرآنية ذات الصلة بموضوع الآية السابعة والثلاثين من سورة القيامة.
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¦A±9D;6^W>l0;
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P8{^F^/:0s;6/3=:;6
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21
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£AW>;6£sw?;6L1=:J;4pqg0?;6¦?‡N
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–9TMA234?sN2A4;64‡N`u8=3F±^WXY;6˜L;=EW;6LKE‚N+@^WX3LlN=];6LM:J;6*ƒXs?;6G9N=T;6
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4?ŸF234?sN’4:193F`/:¨WT;6(K;640‡?;6*IŠWT;6S=rŸ‰¦N=‡;6L;=EW;6LKE‚N+@^WX3W>1¦3=
4?sN232Ks;62A4;6S=—f`u793=KXl;6),,(768+@^WX3G8=K;640‡?;6*I=HWY;6§y=•7^IŠWT;6§y6W•
LX?0M;6§Dr;6
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93F`h0KNu793=KXl;6uWX>T;6¶=‡s;6232XKs;6),,)•A4s;6768+ZWR=T;6b^‰640‡?;6*h0KN°Xs…
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MinimalismÎÐ×½+¼&ÑÙ²Ï
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Article
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This paper investigates a number of Qurʼānic verses that feature the verb yashāʼ, meaning 'to will' or 'to wish', preceded by the relative pronoun man 'مَنْ', in relation to the concepts of guidance and misguidance. The available interpretations of these verses maintain that Allāh guides whom He wishes and misguides whom He wishes. In other words, these standard interpretations assign Allāh the status of the subject of yashāʼ, and assign the relative pronoun man the status of an object. I claim that these interpretations are not accurate with regard to the subject of yashāʼ. I argue that the relative pronoun man should be analyzed as the subject of yashāʼ, not as an object. Using evidence from the Holy Qurʼān and Sunnah, I show that the subject of yashāʼ may not be Allah Almighty, but rather the human being himself/herself. To show how the new interpretation is derived, I provide a syntactic analysis of the sentence that contains the free relative clause man yashāʼ, according to which man 'مَنْ' moves from a subject position, which means that it should be construed as a subject. The observed structural ambiguity thus results from an interpretation where man moves from an object position. The proposed linguistic analysis supports the view that the human being chooses the path, good or evil, that he/she wants to pursue; that is, Allah does not lead the human being along a predetermined path, which is the position adopted by Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamāʻah. Thus, this paper provides evidence against the Jabriyya doctrine, according to which human beings are compelled to follow a specific path.
Book
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Minimalist models of grammar are developed logically in this volume and the ways in which they contrast with GB analysis are clearly explained. Spanning a decade of minimalist thinking, the textbook will enable students to better understand the questions and problems that minimalism invites, and to master the techniques of minimalist analysis. Over 100 exercises are provided, encouraging students to put their new skills into practice. The book will be an invaluable text for intermediate and advanced students of syntactic theory, as well as a solid foundation for further study and research within Chomsky's minimalist framework.
Belief in Allah is the Researchers' Natural Path, Al-Jumuah Online Magazine
  • Rashid Al-Balushi
Al-Balushi, Rashid. 2020. Belief in Allah is the Researchers' Natural Path, Al-Jumuah Online Magazine. https://www.aljumuah.com/belief-in-allah-is-theresearchers-natural-path/