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Environmental Science and Engineering Environmental Impact Assessment using PROMETHEE method

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46632/ese/1/2/2
Copyright@ 2022 REST Publisher 57
Environmental Science and Engineering
Vol: 1(2), 2022
REST Publisher; ISBN: 978-81-956353-2-0
Website:http://restpublisher.com/book-series/environmental-science-and-engineering/
Environmental Impact Assessment using PROMETHEE method
*Kurinjimalar Ramu, M. Ramachandran, Nathiya Murali, Malarvizhi Mani
REST Labs, Kaveripattinam, Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu, India.
*Corresponding author Email: Kurinjimalar@restlabs.in
Abstract. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is, inter alia Related socio-economic, cultural and human-
Considering the health implications, the proposed potential environment of the project or development It is a process of
assessing impacts. The proposed industrial action in a Trans boundary environment, especially, over a shared resource
Risk of significant adverse impact Environmental Impact Assessment on Environment. Also, river rule One that affects
or may affect the quality of its water Environmental impact of party planning activities If not cause, due diligence and
it Implicit awareness and preventive duty shall not be deemed to have been executed. Such Evaluation of the potential
effects of the works. PROMETHEE (Priority Ranking System Method for Enrichment Assessments). About
PROMETHEE methods and usage to uncover current research to classify and explain a classification scheme and a
comprehensive literature review is presented. s in this Alternative of Environmental Impact Assessment 1,
Environmental Impact Assessment 2, Environmental Impact Assessment 3, Environmental Impact Assessment 4,
Environmental Impact Assessment 5 and Evaluation of parameters in Economic disturbance, Social disturbance, Air
pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution. Environmental Impact Assessment 4 is got the first rank whereas is the
Environmental Impact Assessment 2 is having the Lowest rank. In this paper Environmental Impact Assessment of
PROMETHEE Environmental Impact Assessment 4 is got the first rank whereas is the Environmental Impact
Assessment 2 is having the lowest rank.
1. Introduction
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a task or development A great deal of inspiration to assess outcomes is a
device used surroundings. EIA make sure that undertaking choice-makers consider capacity influences at the environment as
early as possible and goal to avoid, lessen or catch up on those impacts. Targets of environmental effect assessment Identify,
are expecting and compare the economic, environmental and social effects of improvement sports. Providing data about
environmental consequences in selection making. Climate alternate inclusive of worldwide warming. Acid rain,
photochemical smog and other types of pollutants. Ocean acidification. Migration/extinction of wildlife Humans affect the
physical surroundings in many methods. Overpopulation, pollution, burning of fossil fuels, and deforestation. Such
modifications have brought on weather trade, soil erosion, poor air best and undrinkable water. PROMETHEE is an amazing
approach for evaluating options with appreciate to criteria in multi-criteria choice problems. It is characterized via several
kinds of preference capabilities which can be used to assign variations between options in judgments.
2. Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Assessments (eias) within the United States (USA) Plans for large dams It has become a
fundamental thing to create. The history of eias has long been commercial progress and with consequent environmental
degradation is bound. Regulatory protection surroundings inside the United States has in large part emerged via litigation [1].
Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) can play a position in this context. EIA is a nicely-mounted device and even a
legal requirement in lots of con texts. However, at the identical time, the motive of EIA is to evaluate the capacity impacts of
a proposed undertaking Whether to continue the work or not in pre-discovery surroundings Implications for consent
circumstances Formulate mitigation measures should be implemented Scheme [2]. The main problem of management is over
consistent environment caused by human sports Nature, extent and impacts of change with increasing reputation. That at the
time, the selectors Due to changing needs EIA is developed and modified impact of enjoy inside the choice-making process
and practice [3]. Environmental effect exams (eias) means environmental selection is a fundamental part of the method 1969
National Environmental Policy the law originated in the United States by adoption by the way, many countries in their
environment by adopting the EIA requirements. Their use has spread throughout the world law. Biophysical (ecological) and
social effects of proposed tasks, and Eias performed previous to implementation of these projects Environmentally informed
decisions are important in taking because Those proposed challenge legislation and compliance with different standards
determines that and how, that effort must continue [4]. It concludes with a discussion of training to be found out from TGP's
EIA research and experience and Largest dams in China and of other large infrastructure initiatives Task design, evaluation
and Policy implications for management. Some elements of the world [5] May be greater anecdotal and descriptive than an
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) evaluation. EIA planning techniques and documentation Evaluative to compare and
contrast The methods are implicit, therefore inconsistent and unsubstantiated leaves considerable room for judgement. A
systematic review of ten Canadian EIA reports and transparent overview is carried out in part cope with these shortcomings
Kurinjimalar Ramu. et.al / Environmental Science and Engineering,1(2), 2022, 57-65
Copyright@ REST Publisher 58
[6]. During an environmental impact evaluation for a completely unique challenge, one ought to first study which sub-
environments are truly within the limits of discharge and for this, in practice There should be instructions taken into
consideration. Also, it should be investigated whether subsystems apart from those blanketed inside the sensitivity index
ought to be taken into consideration. Next, the size, specificity and importance of the sub-ecosystems to the marine
surroundings must be explored. This requires e. G. Special take care of species richness and endangered species. Overall,
motive-impact relationships are a completely delicate undertaking [7]. Environmental Impact Assessments are the dedication
of control the effect of interest Correct actions. In principle of given impact will be more impactful These actions are among
the dominant factors to act. Risk assessment literature reports numerous methods, which include importance analysis and
modelling methods, to decide the dominant variables related to complicated events so that control actions may be recognized
[8]. Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment Review, the paper effectively determines the research productivity and
collaboration methods and the maximum commonplace research directions and evolution during medical interest. The
importance of collaborative studies and the implementation of proper impact checks is vital whilst discussing sustainable
improvement, and productive global cooperation that ignores geographic and jurisdictional barriers may be the answer to
modern-day environmental issues and the solution to conflicts within nations. The best and to improve performance those
formal practices, a new method to seize the advantages and problems of key effect evaluations desires to be accomplished
[9].
Environmental and social impact Assessments (esias) participation and Periods for decision at The conceptual approach
is comprehensive, esias systematic processes where advantageous and bad Environmental and social impacts are identified.
They are an initiative, plan, project or policy Choices related to implementation are said and the effectiveness of the
proposed intervention is negative Deliberate actions to mitigate consequences Includes Totally Underrated Results based on
results Expected to be taken. International organizations advocated Asia since the Earth Summit in Rio 1992 to standardize
countrywide gear for assessing capacity damaging environmental effects of massive-scale tasks [10]. Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) approaches. As environmental constraints are emphasized in developing international locations, there is a
growing need for effective EIA processes that hastily enlarge hydropower potential or maximize time and sources in
advanced Countries. Part of the eias implementation plan, hit The most important which is the focal point of studies
Consensus among stakeholders on environmental factors is in reach. To address this gap to help, use the characteristic signs
of the river Principal of identified river ecosystems Among the combinations, hydroelectricity is the most suitable as a
preliminary and rough estimate of the effects weigh- We use an evidence-based approach (and toolkit) We improved
Technical know-how-primarily based questionnaire and with the predictive version, users in any environment Indicators can
be identified be affected in the course of hydropower improvement. Furthermore, an evaluation device visualizes
interdependent Indicator relationships explored through ecological research Help develop hypotheses about causal
relationships There are four existing hydropower projects and various sizes and a hypothetical of environmental contexts for
this new hydropower project We follow the equipment [11]. Environmental viability of the venture, considering the
environmental impact evaluation submitted for it. 'sixteen The court docket's subsequent connection with EIA before
implementation of the venture additionally leaves open the possibility of EIA going on in numerous phases in a few
instances. For example, in projects that require an 'Initial Environmental Screening', a full EIA is most effective required if
the capacity for enormous harm is recognized. Before a plant starts operating, it is able to be necessary to behavior several
EIAs or at least evaluate and revise the preliminary EIA [12]. Environmental and tool parameters will show a useful tool to
assess the ability effects of wave strength trends and as a consequence goal monitoring activities. For this device, which
includes WEC or Tidal De Vice, the assignment ought to be defined with enough precision and is a key problem for the EIA
system. However, this machine can be difficult for any test center, in which specific types of device and devices, which may
have an effect on exceptional environmental receptors, are proposed Presence of effort for the period [13]. environment
Vulnerability assessment is a choice-making tool used to discover and examine the capability Some proposed development
Environment of operations consequences environment Impact assessment due to the fact its inception inside the 2nd half of
20th century A very useful domain-specific Assessing impact, alternatives Inadequate consideration and ambiguity of
outcome assessment Closer to method Criticized. however, in contrast, lifestyles cycle evaluation an object's environment
Evaluate Outcomes an analytical tool, system or hobby in the course of its life cycle or lifetime. The cause This study is a
lifestyle cycle Assessment in an industrial task Environmental Impact Assessment Techniques How to fill is to explain that
Paper gives an included existence cycle assessment and environmental effect evaluation framework, the sensible software of
that an insulation materials plant Illustrated by the event. way of life A combination of cycle assessment combinations
Assess environmental impact That improves the method Demonstrates use of framework. means of increasing the Regular
assessment barriers and the overall environment Providing a broad scope of assessment deliberate venture [14]. An
environmental effect assessment (eia) An attempt or improvement in the environment Massive effects of inspiration a used to
estimate is a device. decision makers Recalling potential implications surroundings as soon as viable and intention to avoid,
lessen or compensate for the ones influences. Economic disturbances and valuation conflicts. Discrepancies rise up within
the valuation of income-producing houses. Differences in expectancies about future income and. Risks related to anticipated
returns. Vocabulary. Social sickness. Social and psychological alienation related to the transformation or breakdown of social
life in small rural communities that may end result from speedy monetary and demographic alternate with rapid business and
herbal aid improvement. Air pollution is the infection of the indoor or out of doors environment ecosystem. Common assets
of air pollution are family combustion home equipment, motor automobiles, commercial facilities, and woodland fires. Water
pollution means water for human use and endanger aquatic ecosystems It is the elimination of harmful substances from our
body Toxic wastes, petroleum and pollution Water pollution due to the spread of contaminants along with microorganisms
Kurinjimalar Ramu. et.al / Environmental Science and Engineering,1(2), 2022, 57-65
Copyright@ REST Publisher 59
may occur. Soil pollution is in the soil Toxic chemical compounds (pollutants or contaminants) Being defined as, human
health and/or risk at concentrations high enough to result the surroundings.
3. PROMETHEE
The PROMETHEE method of each criterion takes. In this way, every criterion Can be evaluated on different grounds
Operate. For example, most better conclusions can be drawn. PROMETHEE I identifies incomparable and neglected
alternatives by creating an Area Ranking, PROMETHEE Complete for alternatives Provides ranking [15]. The MCDA
process, using the PRO METHEE technique, generally follows the following sequence: (i) selecting DMs weighing the
criteria, evaluating the effectiveness of alternatives against the criteria, selecting common values and related negligence and
optional values for each criterion ion, using PROMETHEE where necessary, sensitivity analysis Making and final decision
making. The primary difference between the PROMETHEE method and other MCDA techniques is the use of common
criterion functions [16]. The PROMETHEE method is well known This is the outreach-based approach Decision making for
decision makers Provides support for resolution. issues through a valuable outreach relationship. This relationship is based
on the pairing sequences Between alternatives and PROMETHEE mode Defines custom framework. PROMETHEE The
system is very much in the process of making complex decisions Is useful, especially Human in real world MADM problems
Subjective judgment of consciousness and experts [17]. PROMETHEE alternatives are comparable. Positive and between
negative outgoing flows Sort of alternatives by balance in Hand flow is used [18]. Taking into account the PROMETHEE
Criterion Performance Uncertainty in values; However, it is very difficult for users to select common criteria functions for
each criterion and the associated limits, resulting in additional uncertainty. Therefore, to overcome this, they are based on
reliability Proposed the approach, which is PROMETHEE The firmness of the solution obtained from Help the decision
maker to explore the character [19]. The PROMETHEE family was first created by 1982 in Quebec, Canada France at the
conference, including PROMETHEE I for alternative rankings and PROMETHEE while the PROMETHEE VE,
PROMETHEE for the problems of the segment, is the PROMETHEE VEO for alternatives. Of the many criteria currently in
place, PROMETHEE methods are the most important. The number of practitioners who use these methods for problems that
determine multiple criteria in practice, and the number of returnees who are developing each year. See notes) and conference
presentations using one or more PROMETHEE methods [20]. Selection of each criterion Activity Exam in PROMETHEE A
function of each criterion is often Nature of criteria and the decision maker is determined predefined There are six categories
exams processes, most of which include the following criteria: standard scale, semi-scale, linear priority criterion, Level
scale, linear The area of [21]. The Prometheus method is portfolio complexity Most widely used for applications One of the
outlined methods. Relatively few publications Portfolio selection methods directly based Although found to contain this type
of in which it is analysed and its irreversibility. The present article [22]. At PROMETHEE, we encounter more than seven
Sometimes too large to cover criteria Evaluation tables. At that point, the decision will be made PROMETHEE a to help
solve problems Becomes a black box. in this situation, if a wood-structure is adopted, it can be seen as an extension of
PROMETHEE [23].
TABLE 1. Environmental Impact Assessment
Economic
disturbance
Social
disturbance
Air
pollution
Water
pollution
Soil pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment 1
1550
1650
75.6
57.8
63.5
Environmental Impact Assessment 2
1350
1480
60.6
86.5
95.3
Environmental Impact Assessment 3
1560
1950
40.5
97.8
88.6
Environmental Impact Assessment 4
1750
1750
50.5
90.5
98.4
Environmental Impact Assessment 5
1560
1350
67.6
50.6
69.79
Max
1750
1950
75.6
97.8
98.4
Min
1350
1350
40.5
50.6
63.5
max-Min
400
600
35.1
47.2
34.9
400
600
35.1
47.2
34.9
Table 1 shows the Environmental Impact Assessment, Economic disturbance, Social disturbance, Air pollution, Water
pollution, Soil pollution. Figure 1. shows Environmental Impact Assessment 1, Environmental Impact Assessment 2,
Environmental Impact Assessment 3, Environmental Impact Assessment 4, Environmental Impact Assessment 5 From the
figure 1 and table 1 it is seen that Environmental Impact Assessment 4 is showing the Maximum Value for Economic
disturbance and Environmental Impact Assessment 2 is showing the minimum value. Environmental Impact Assessment 3 is
showing the Maximum Value for Social disturbance and Environmental Impact Assessment 5 is showing the minimum
value. Environmental Impact Assessment 1 is showing the Maximum Value for Air pollution and Environmental Impact
Assessment 3 is showing the minimum value. Environmental Impact Assessment 3 is showing the Maximum Value for
Water pollution and Environmental Impact Assessment 5 is showing the minimum value. Environmental Impact Assessment
4 is showing the Maximum Value for Soil pollution and Environmental Impact Assessment 1 is showing the minimum value.
Kurinjimalar Ramu. et.al / Environmental Science and Engineering,1(2), 2022, 57-65
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FIGURE 1. Environmental Impact Assessment
TABLE 2. Normalized Matrix
Economic
disturbance
Social
disturbance
Air
pollution
Water
pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment 1
0.5
0.5
1
0.15254
Environmental Impact Assessment 2
0
0.2167
0.5726
0.76059
Environmental Impact Assessment 3
0.525
1
0
1
Environmental Impact Assessment 4
1
0.6667
0.2849
0.84534
Environmental Impact Assessment 5
0.525
0
0.7721
0
Table 2 shows the Normalized matrix of Operating system or PROMETHEE the Normalization are shown in the above
tabulation. Table 2 shows the default matrix of Prometheus for the Operating system shown in the table above.
FIGURE 2. Normalization matrix
Figure 2 shows the Normal matrix of the Environmental Impact Assessment for PROMETHEE Environmental Impact
Assessment 1, Environmental Impact Assessment 2, Environmental Impact Assessment 3, Environmental Impact
Assessment 4, and Environmental Impact Assessment 5.
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact
Assessment 1
Environmental Impact
Assessment 2
Environmental Impact
Assessment 3
Environmental Impact
Assessment 4
Environmental Impact
Assessment 5
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
Economic
disturbance
Social
disturbance
Air pollution
Water
pollution
Soil
pollution
NORMALIZED MATRIX
Environmental Impact Assessment 1
Environmental Impact Assessment 2
Environmental Impact Assessment 3
Environmental Impact Assessment 4
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Copyright@ REST Publisher 61
TABLE 3. Pair wise Comparison
Economic
disturbance
Social
disturbance
Air
pollution
Water
pollution
Soil
pollution
D12
0.5
0.2833
0.4274
-0.6081
-0.911
D13
-0.025
-0.5
1
-0.8475
-0.719
D14
-0.5
-0.1667
0.7151
-0.6928
-1
D15
-0.025
0.5
0.2279
0.15254
-0.18
D21
-0.5
-0.2833
-0.427
0.60805
0.9112
D23
-0.525
-0.7833
0.5726
-0.2394
0.192
D24
-1
-0.45
0.2877
-0.0847
-0.089
D25
-0.525
0.2167
-0.199
0.76059
0.7309
D31
0.025
0.5
-1
0.84746
0.7192
D32
0.525
0.7833
-0.573
0.23941
-0.192
D34
-0.475
0.3333
-0.285
0.15466
-0.281
D35
0
1
-0.772
1
0.539
D41
0.5
0.1667
-0.715
0.6928
1
D42
1
0.45
-0.288
0.08475
0.0888
D43
0.475
-0.3333
0.2849
-0.1547
0.2808
D45
0.475
0.6667
-0.487
0.84534
0.8198
D51
0.025
-0.5
-0.228
-0.1525
0.1802
D52
0.525
-0.2167
0.1994
-0.7606
-0.731
D53
0
-1
0.7721
-1
-0.539
D54
-0.475
-0.6667
0.4872
-0.8453
-0.82
Table 3 shows the Pair Wise Comparison of table 2 the Environmental Impact Assessment 1, Environmental Impact
Assessment 2, Environmental Impact Assessment 3, Environmental Impact Assessment 4, Environmental Impact
Assessment 5 comparing each row with other row on the tabulation.
TABLE 4. Preference Value
0.2336
0.165
0.3355
0.102
0.042
D12
0.1168
0.047
0.1434
0
0
0.307
D13
0
0
0.3355
0
0
0.336
D14
0
0
0.2399
0
0
0.24
D15
0
0.083
0.0765
0.016
0
0.175
D21
0
0
0
0.062
0.039
0.101
D23
0
0
0.1921
0
0.008
0.2
D24
0
0
0.0965
0
0
0.097
D25
0
0.036
0
0.078
0.031
0.144
D31
0.0058
0.083
0
0.087
0.03
0.205
D32
0.1226
0.129
0
0.024
0
0.276
D34
0
0.055
0
0.016
0
0.071
D35
0
0.165
0
0.102
0.023
0.29
D41
0.1168
0.028
0
0.071
0.042
0.257
D42
0.2336
0.074
0
0.009
0.004
0.32
D43
0.111
0
0.0956
0
0.012
0.218
D45
0.111
0.11
0
0.086
0.035
0.342
D51
0.0058
0
0
0
0.008
0.013
D52
0.1226
0
0.0669
0
0
0.19
D53
0
0
0.259
0
0
0.259
D54
0
0
0.1634
0
0
0.163
Table 4 shows the Performance value of the Environmental Impact Assessment 1, Environmental Impact Assessment 2,
Environmental Impact Assessment 3, Environmental Impact Assessment 4, Environmental Impact Assessment 5. When
compare to all others. And the last one is the sum of the same row.
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TABLE 5. Sum of Performance Value
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 1
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 2
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 3
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 4
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 5
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 1
0
0.307
0.3355
0.23992
0.1746
1.057
0.211
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 2
0.10072
0
0.2003
0.09654
0.1444
0.541
0.108
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 3
0.20546
0.2765
0
0.07086
0.2902
0.842
0.168
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 4
0.25747
0.3204
0.2185
0
0.3422
1.138
0.227
Environmental
Impact
Assessment 5
0.01348
0.1895
0.259
0.16345
0
0.625
0.125
0.57712
1.0934
1.0132
0.57076
0.9514
0.11542
0.2187
0.2026
0.11415
0.1903
Table 5 shows the sum of all rows and column are applied on the last row. The sum of all row of performance value is
arranged above tabulation and the diagonal value is zero.
TABLE 6. Positive flow, Negative Flow, Net flow
positive
flow
Negative
Flow
Net flow
Rank
Environmental Impact Assessment 1
0.21141
0.1154
0.095983141
2
Environmental Impact Assessment 2
0.10839
0.2187
-0.110283791
5
Environmental Impact Assessment 3
0.16859
0.2026
-0.034057452
3
Environmental Impact Assessment 4
0.22769
0.1142
0.113535054
1
Environmental Impact Assessment 5
0.1251
0.1903
-0.065176952
4
Table 6 shows ranking for the positive flow, Negative Flow, Net flow. Environmental Impact Assessment 1,
Environmental Impact Assessment 2, Environmental Impact Assessment 3, Environmental Impact Assessment 4,
Environmental Impact Assessment 5. In the above tabulation the Environmental Impact Assessment 4 is in the first rank and
the last rank is Environmental Impact Assessment 2.
FIGURE 3. Environmental Impact Assessment positive flow Negative Flow Net flow
-0.15
-0.1
-0.05
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
Environmental Impact Assessment positive flow Negative
Flow Net flow
positive flow
Negative Flow
Net flow
Kurinjimalar Ramu. et.al / Environmental Science and Engineering,1(2), 2022, 57-65
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Figure 3 shows the Environmental Impact Assessment Positive flow, Negative flow, Net flow. The Net flow value is
Environmental Impact Assessment 4 is Showing the highest Value. Environmental Impact Assessment 2 is Showing the
lowest Value.
FIGURE 4. Shown the Rank
Figure 4 Shows Ranking of Environmental Impact Assessment for using the analysis of PROMETHEE Method. Environmental
Impact Assessment 4 is got the first rank whereas is the Environmental Impact Assessment 2 is having the Lowest rank.
4. Conclusion
Environmental impact tests have grown to be a Large in the United States (USA) A basic feature of the planning system
for dams is Eazy's records over the years’ business progress and consequently Along with environmental degradation are
bound. In the United States Regulation of neighborhoods Defense Mostly Emerged through litigation and Environmental
Impact Assessments (EIA) can play a position in this context. EIA is a nicely-mounted tool and even a legal requirement in
lots of con texts. However, at the equal time, the motive of EIA is to evaluate the capacity impacts of a proposed challenge at
the environment earlier than determining whether or not to continue with the assignment, the PROMETHEE approach of
each criterion takes. In this manner, each criterion can be evaluated on a one of a kind foundation. For example, better
decisions can be made. PROMETHEE I identifies incommensurable and neglected alternatives by creating PROMETHEE
(Priority Ranking System Method for Enrichment Assessments) PROMETHEE METHODS AND APPLICATIONS
Discover current research on A classification to classify and explain plan and a comprehensive A literature review is
presented. in this Alternative of Environmental Impact Assessment 1, Environmental Impact Assessment 2, Environmental
Impact Assessment 3, Environmental Impact Assessment 4, Environmental Impact Assessment 5 and Evaluation of
parameters in Economic disturbance, Social disturbance, Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution. Environmental
Impact Assessment 4 is got the first rank whereas is the Environmental Impact Assessment 2 is having the Lowest rank.
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